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Civil MDC

Building Code Requirements for Concrete Thin Shells (ACI 318.2-14) Commentary on Building Code Requirements for Concrete Thin Shells (ACI 318.2R-14) 2

Building Code Requirements for Concrete Thin Shells (ACI 318.2-14) Commentary on Building Code Requirements for Concrete Thin Shells (ACI 318.2R-14)

Description

For types of shell structures where experience, tests, and analyses have shown that the structure can sustain reasonable overloads without undergoing brittle failure, elastic analysis is an acceptable procedure. In such cases, it may be assumed that reinforced concrete is ideally elastic, homogeneous, and isotropic, having identical properties in all directions. An analysis should be performed for the shell considering service load conditions. The analysis of shells of unusual size, shape, or complexity should consider behavior through the elastic, cracking, and inelastic stages.

Experimental analysis of elastic models (Sabnis et al. 1983) has been used as a substitute for an analytical solution of a complex shell structure. Experimental analysis of reinforced microconcrete models through the elastic, cracking, inelastic, and ultimate stages should be considered for important shells of unusual size, shape, or complexity.For model analysis, only those portions of the structure that significantly affect the items under study need be simulated. Every attempt should be made to ensure that the experiments reveal the quantitative behavior of the prototype structure.Wind tunnel tests of a scaled-down model do not neces-sarily provide usable results and should be conducted by a recognized expert in wind tunnel testing of structural models.

Solutions that include both membrane and bending effects, satisfy conditions of compatibility, and equilibrium are encouraged. Approximate solutions that satisfy statics but not the compatibility of strains may be used only when extensive experience has proved that safe designs have resulted from their use. Such methods include beam-type analysis for barrel shells and folded plates having large ratios of span to either width or radius of curvature, simple membrane analysis for shells of revolution, and others in which the equations of equilibrium are satisfied, while the strain compatibility equations are not.


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