Civil MDC

Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary 2

Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary

Description

ACI Committee 376 was formed and subsequently ACI 376-11 was drafted in response to a request from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Technical Committee 59A on liquefied natural gas (LNG). That committee is responsible for NFPA 59A, which is an internationally recognized standard governing the production, storage, and handling of LNG at an operating temperature of –270°F.NFPA 59A contains provisions for the use of rein-forced concrete and prestressed concrete for two principal applications: 1) impoundment––secondary containment in conjunction with a metallic primary container; and 2) storage––primary containment.

NFPA 59A is somewhat limited; it does not provide guidelines specifically tailored to concrete use at cryogenic temperatures. This limitation was the impetus for Committee 59A’s request. Although the request was related specifically to containment of LNG, this code addresses concrete use for other refrigerated liquefied gas (RLG) as well, ranging in operating temperatures from +40 to –325°F. This makes the code and commentary analo-gous to the American Petroleum Institute’s API 620, which governs design and construction of steel and aluminum RLG storage tanks to –270°F.The most common use of reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete in cryogenic storage applications is for secondary containment around metal primary storage tanks.

Prestressed concrete primary containment tanks were built in North America and Europe from the 1960s through the 1980s. Renewed interest in the use of concrete for primary containment and the need for a code that addressed secondary concrete containment led to the development of this code, which includes pertinent excerpts from ACI 318-11 and ACI 350-06. The commentary includes considerations by the committee in developing the code


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.