Civil MDC

Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: An Interdisciplinary Approach by Rafael Aguilar, Daniel Torrealva, Susana Moreira, Miguel A. Pando, Luis F. Ramos 2

Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: An Interdisciplinary Approach by Rafael Aguilar, Daniel Torrealva, Susana Moreira, Miguel A. Pando, Luis F. Ramos


This volume contains the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC) that was held in Cusco, Peru in 2018. It disseminates recent advances in the areas related to the structural analysis of historical and archaeological constructions. The challenges faced in this field show that accuracy and robustness of results rely heavily on an interdisciplinary approach, where different areas of expertise from managers, practitioners, and scientists work together.

Bearing this in mind, SAHC 2018 stimulated discussion on the new knowledge developed in the different disciplines involved in analysis, conservation, retrofit, and management of existing constructions. This book is organized according to the following topics: assessment and intervention of archaeological heritage, history of construction and building technology, advances in inspection and NDT, innovations in field and laboratory testing applied to historical construction and heritage, new technologies and techniques, risk and vulnerability assessments of heritage for multiple types of hazards, repair, strengthening, and retrofit of historical structures, numerical modeling and structural analysis, structural health monitoring, durability and sustainability, management and conservation strategies for heritage structures, and interdisciplinary projects and case studies.

This volume holds particular interest for all the community interested in the challenging task of preserving existing constructions, enable great opportunities, and also uncover new challenges in the field of structural analysis of historical and archeological constructions.

Detailed Table of contents :

Front Matter ….Pages i-xxxvi
Front Matter ….Pages 1-1
An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Seismic Assessment of Built Cultural Heritage: Case Studies in Lisbon and Outskirts (Rita Bento)….Pages 3-18
Vulnerability Evaluation of Historical Masonry Structures: Italian Churches and Towers (Gabriele Milani)….Pages 19-32
Understanding Fire Safety of Historical Buildings (José L. Torero)….Pages 33-43
It Always Takes a Village: Preserving Earthen Sites (Claudia Cancino)….Pages 44-56
Front Matter ….Pages 57-57
House on a Bunker by Architect R. Romke de Vries: From Military Accommodation to Residential Refinement (Ann Verdonck, Steven van der Goes)….Pages 59-68
The Structural Function of Cross Beams During Vault Construction in the Maya Palace of the Governor at Uxmal, Yucatan (Todd Kelmar, Jiacheng Sun, Renato Perucchio)….Pages 69-77
Deformation Process of Romanesque Masonry Constructions: The Case of Vall d’Aran Churches (Sergio Coll-Pla, Mónica López-Piquer, Josep Lluis-Ginovart, Agustí Costa-Jover)….Pages 78-86
A Double Dome Through the Ages (Ali Tavakoli Dinani, Solmaz Sadeghi, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 87-95
Construction and Building Technology in Sanctuary of Roman Settlement Aquae Iasae with the Review of Conservation Works on the Site (Dora Kušan Špalj, Nikoleta Perok, Tena Karavidović)….Pages 96-104
Early Iron Roofs in Belgian Churches (1845–60) (Romain Wibaut, Ine Wouters, Thomas Coomans)….Pages 105-115
Lightweight Structures and Conservation – Engineering and Architectural Perspective (Avraham Mosseri)….Pages 116-124
Mid-20th Century Colombian Vaults. A Contemporary Tradition (Julián García, Fernando Magdalena, Juan M. Medina)….Pages 125-134
Building Techniques and Structural Damage of Historical Constructions Detected Through the Point Cloud Survey (Antonella Manzo, Claudio Chesi)….Pages 135-143
Analysis and Proposal to Retrofit the Traditional Construction Systems (Earth) of the Former San José School, Cuenca, Ecuador (César Piedra Landívar, María Cecilia Achig-Balarezo, Víctor Caldas Freire, Indira Salazar Silva, Fausto Cardoso Martínez)….Pages 144-152
Iron Ties Originally Anchored into Masonry as a Historical Construction Technology – Case Study: A Church in Cyprus (Margarita Petrou, Dimos Charmpis)….Pages 153-161
Learning from Regional Architecture: Sustainable Solutions in Traditional Portuguese Houses (Fernando Alves, Nuno Abrantes, Vítor Abrantes)….Pages 162-168
Innovative Stone Vaults in Dalmatia in Antiquity and Renaissance (Marina Šimunić Buršić)….Pages 169-177
The Structure of Gothic Architecture in Evolving Contexts – The Case of “Bombay Gothic”, India (Padmanabhan Jayabharathi, Ranee Vedamuthu)….Pages 178-186
Comparison of Erudite and Popular Timber Historical Buildings in the Former Erechim Colony, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Natália Biscaglia Pereira, Ângela do Valle)….Pages 187-195
The Structural Technology and Architecture of Timber Bridges in Song Dynasty Paintings (Jie Liu, Xiaohe Liu, Yangyang Chai, Chen Cao, Shoushi Li)….Pages 196-204
The Imperial Record Office in Delhi: An Architectural Paradox (Nalini M. Thakur, Saptarshi Sanyal)….Pages 205-215
Concrete Thin Shells in the Sixties. Construction and Long-Term Behaviour (Francesca Albani, Carlo Dusi)….Pages 216-224
Chechen Medieval Towers-Obelisks to the Issue of Architectural Form Interpretation (Tamara Adamovna Mazaeva)….Pages 225-233
The First Industrial Period: A Forgotten Period in Brazilian Construction History (Marco Antônio Penido de Rezende)….Pages 234-240
Conservation and Restoration on Cement-Based Renders of Built Heritage in Shanghai, PR China (Xiaomin Zhu, Yuee Zhou, Shibing Dai)….Pages 241-249
Traditional Wall Construction Technology of the Ottoman Empire in Relation to the Seismic Resistance of Bath Structures in the Marmara Region (Kerimcan Apak)….Pages 250-258
Back to the Past – The History and Current Modernisations of Kleinische Decke Ceiling (Dariusz Bajno, Agnieszka Grzybowska, Rafał Tews, Łukasz Bednarz)….Pages 259-266
Historic Evolution of the Temple of San Pedro and San Pablo de Zepita, and the Origins of the Structural Faults (Violeta Paliza)….Pages 267-274
Stone Masonry with Brick Stripe Courses: Study on a Historical Building Technique Diffused in Brianza District (Stefano Della Torre, Lorenzo Cantini, Rossella Moioli)….Pages 275-284
Megalithic Shelters in Vale de Poldros, Portugal. The Cardenhas (Manuel C. Teixeira)….Pages 285-293
Front Matter ….Pages 295-295
Connected Semantic Concepts as a Base for Optimal Recording and Computer-Based Modelling of Cultural Heritage Objects (J.-J. Ponciano, A. Karmacharya, S. Wefers, P. Atorf, F. Boochs)….Pages 297-304
Semi-automated Creation of Accurate FE Meshes of Heritage Masonry Walls from Point Cloud Data (Maarten Bassier, Gilles Hardy, Leidy Bejarano-Urrego, Anastasios Drougkas, Els Verstrynge, Koen Van Balen et al.)….Pages 305-314
Numerical Modeling of Single Tube-Jack and Flat-Jack Tests in an Unreinforced Masonry Wall with a Regular Typology (Elizabeth Manning, Luis F. Ramos, Francisco M. Fernandes)….Pages 315-322
The Strength of Wooden (Timber)-Glass Beams Combined with the Polyurethane Adhesive – DIC and Finite Element Analysis (Rodacki Konrad, Zając Bogusław, Kwiecień Arkadiusz, Marcin Tekieli, Kazimierz Furtak)….Pages 323-331
On the Use of Sound Spectral Analysis for the In Situ Assessment of Structural Timber (Daniele Riccadonna, Gianni Schiro, Daniele Casagrande, Maurizio Piazza, Ivan Giongo)….Pages 332-341
Application of Digital Close-Range Photogrammetry to the Modeling of Heritage Structural Elements for Its Analysis by FEM (Miguel A. Soto-Zamora, Isaías E. Vízcaino-Hernández, Rodrigo A. Díaz-Zeledón, J. J. Velasco-González)….Pages 342-350
Parameterization of Structural Faults in Large Historical Constructions for Further Structural Modelling Thanks to Laser Scanning Technology and Computer Vision Algorithms (Ana Sánchez, Belén Riveiro, Iván Puente, Borja Conde, Nuno Mendes, Manuel Cabaleiro et al.)….Pages 351-359
Stop-Splayed Scarf-Joint Reinforcement with Timber Pegs Behaviour (Carla Ceraldi, Alessia Costa, Maria Lippiello)….Pages 360-369
Characterization of the Mechanical Properties of Ancient Masonry from a Non-destructive Method In Situ (Edith Estefanía Orenday-Tapia, Jesús Pacheco-Martínez, Raudel Padilla-Ceniceros, Héctor Ánimas-Rivera, José Ángel Ortiz-Lozano, Daniel Gaxiola-Apodaca)….Pages 370-378
Developing Solutions Based on Shape Memory Alloys for Historical Constructions (Donatello Cardone, Riccardo Angiuli, Giuseppe Gesualdi)….Pages 379-387
Historic Digital Survey: Reality Capture and Automatic Data Processing for the Interpretation and Analysis of Historic Architectural Rubble Masonry (Enrique Valero, Frédéric Bosché, Alan Forster, Ewan Hyslop)….Pages 388-396
Study of Early Age Stiffness Development in Lime–Cement Blended Mortars (Meera Ramesh, Miguel Azenha, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 397-404
Evaluation of a Rope Mesh Reinforcement System for Adobe Dwellings in Seismic Areas (Marcial Blondet, Nicola Tarque, Julio Vargas, Hillary Vargas)….Pages 405-412
Comparison of the Degree of Consolidation of Historic Plaster Layers by Means of Lime Hydrate Nanosuspensions (Klára Kroftová, Markéta Šmidtová, David Škoda, Ivo Kuřitka, Jiří Witzany)….Pages 413-420
Study on Carbonation Initiated by Organics in Traditional Lime Mortar (Simon Jayasingh, Thirumalini Selvaraj)….Pages 421-428
Virtual Reality for the Enhancement of Structural Health Monitoring Experiences in Historical Constructions (Marcos Burgos, Benjamín Castaneda, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 429-436
Classification of Hardened Cement and Lime Mortar Using Short-Wave Infrared Spectrometry Data (Zohreh Zahiri, Debra F. Laefer, Aoife Gowen)….Pages 437-446
Improvements of the Ultrasonic Tomography for Applications to Historical Masonry Constructions (Domenico Camassa, Anna Castellano, Aguinaldo Fraddosio, Mario Daniele Piccioni)….Pages 447-455
Correlation Between Sonic and Mechanical Test Results on Stone Masonry Walls (Rachel Martini, Jorge Carvalho, António Arêde, Humberto Varum)….Pages 456-464
Geometric and Radiometric Analysis of TLS Point Clouds to Diagnose the Conservation State of Historical Constructions. Case of Study in the Master Gate of San Francisco, Almeida, Portugal (Luis Javier Sánchez-Aparicio, Susana Del Pozo, Luís F. Ramos, Francisco M. Fernandes)….Pages 465-473
Diagonal Compression Behaviour of Masonry Walls Reinforced with FRM Coatings (Andrea Benedetti)….Pages 474-483
Preliminary Methodology for the Integration of Lean Construction, BIM and Virtual Reality in the Planning Phase of Structural Intervention in Heritage Structures (Xavier Brioso, Claudia Calderón, Rafael Aguilar, Miguel A. Pando)….Pages 484-492
Front Matter ….Pages 493-493
Enhancement of the Identification of Historical Timber Element’s Local Stiffness Based on Resistance Drilling Measurements (Nathalie Van Roy, Els Verstrynge, Koenraad Van Balen)….Pages 495-503
Inspection of Seismic Damage and Conservation Conditions in Modern School Buildings in Chile (Claudia Torres, Pablo Rojas)….Pages 504-512
Laboratory and In Situ Calibrations of New Flat Jack Method for Assessing Masonry Shear Characteristics (Dario Foppoli, Alessandro Armanasco)….Pages 513-522
Investigation of the Shear-Sliding Behavior of Masonry Through Shove Test: Experimental and Numerical Studies (Francesca Ferretti, Samira Jafari, Rita Esposito, Jan G. Rots, Claudio Mazzotti)….Pages 523-531
A Proposed Test to Evaluate Efflorescence Potential of Ceramic Blocks (Adriana Baptista, Aryane Carneiro, Guilherme Parsekian, Fernando Fonseca)….Pages 532-539
Structural Behaviour of Dry Stack Stone Corbelled Vaults Under Lateral Support Movement (Pratyusha Naik, Arun Menon)….Pages 540-548
Influence of Geometry of Cylindrical Samples in the Mechanical Characterization of Existing Brickwork (Jorge Segura, Luca Pelà, Pere Roca)….Pages 549-557
Estimation of Churches Frequencies Based on Simplified Geometry Parameters (Saulo López, Luis Ramos, Michelangelo Laterza, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 558-567
Experimental Characterization of Mechanical Behaviour of Existing Tabique Walls Under Compressive and Shear Loading (José Padrão, António Arêde, João Miranda Guedes, Jorge Pinto)….Pages 568-576
Estimation of Mortar Compressive Strength Based on Specimens Extracted from Masonry Bed Joints (Dawid Łątka, Szymon Seręga, Piotr Matysek)….Pages 577-586
A XVth Century Diamond Ashlar Façade: The Case Study of Palazzo Raimondi in Cremona (Angelo Giuseppe Landi)….Pages 587-595
From Brick to Element: Investigating the Mechanical Properties of Calcium Silicate Masonry (Samira Jafari, Rita Esposito, Jan G. Rots)….Pages 596-604
Seismic Behavior of Timber-Laced Masonry Structures in the Himalayan Belt (D. Dhandapany, Arun Menon)….Pages 605-613
Structural Characterization of Quarry Stone in Experimental Testing Using Digital Image Correlation as a Non-destructive Technique (Luis Pérez-Pinedo, Hiram Badillo-Almaráz, José Rodríguez-Rodríguez)….Pages 614-624
Mechanical Characterization of Masonry Typologies in Israel via Flat Jack Tests (Filippo Casarin, Meir Ronen, Yaacov Schaffer, Raffaele Italia, Massimo dalla Benetta, Matthew R. Kyler et al.)….Pages 625-633
Experimental Characterization of Solid Clay Bricks: Correlations Among Mechanical Properties (Enrico Garbin, Matteo Panizza, Maria Rosa Valluzzi)….Pages 634-643
Internal Geometrical Characterization of Stone Masonry Walls Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography (Raudel Padilla Ceniceros, Jesús Pacheco Martínez, Martín Hernández Marín, José Ángel Ortiz Lozano, Edith Estefanía Orenday Tapia)….Pages 644-651
Study on Stone Cultural Heritage’s Structural Stability Management – with a Focus on Cheomseongdae (Jo Sang-Sun, Kim Derk-Moon, Kim Dong-Soo)….Pages 652-660
The Application of Sonic Testing on Double-Leaf Historical Portuguese Masonry to Obtain Morphology and Mechanical Properties (Hendrik Van Eldere, Luís F. Ramos, Els Verstrynge, Naveen Shetty, Koen Van Balen, Carlos E. Barroso et al.)….Pages 661-668
Inspection and Analysis of Ancient Monastery of “São Romão de Neiva”, Portugal (Jahdiel Villafuerte, Johann Arias, Cindy Calbimonte, Jorge Scaff, Graça Vasconcelos, Francisco Fernandes)….Pages 669-677
Connections of Roof-Diaphragm to Perimeter Walls in Historic Masonry Buildings (Alessandra Marini, Ezio Giuriani, Andrea Belleri, Stefania Cominelli, Chiara Passoni)….Pages 678-686
Experimental Characterization of the Deterioration of Masonry Materials Due to Wet and Dry and Salt Crystallization Cycles (Sandra Graus, Graça Vasconcelos, Carlos Palha)….Pages 687-695
Façades of an Iconic Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil: Assessment for Restoration Design (Fabiana Oliveira, Valéria Bonfim)….Pages 696-705
Mechanical Characterization of Adobe Constructions Using Flat Jack Tests: Case Study of the Virgen de la Asunción de Sacsamarca Church (Kiyoshi Tacas, Mauricio Gonzales, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 706-715
An Automatic Algorithm for the Execution and Elaboration of Sonic Pulse Velocity Tests in Direct and Tomographic Arrangements (Elvis Cescatti, Luca Rosato, Maria Rosa Valluzzi, Filippo Casarin)….Pages 716-724
Flexural Tests on Consolidation Effects on Stone (Luisa Natalia Peña Leal, Miloš Drdácký, Zuzana Slížková)….Pages 725-733
Timber Roof Structure Rehabilitation of Municipal Council and Jail Building (Rodrigo Terezo, Ângela do Valle, João de D. Medeiros, Douglas Vanzella, Eduardo Schneid, Romeu Lucena)….Pages 734-740
A Novel Approach to the in situ Compression Testing of Stone Masonry Walls (Rui Silva, António Arêde, Patrício Rocha, Celeste Almeida)….Pages 741-750
Quantitative Estimation Method for Rebar Corrosion Degree of RC Structures (Hideki Oshita, Ichimei Sou)….Pages 751-761
Static and Dynamic Testing on a Brick Masonry Pavilion Vault of the San Francesco di Paola Convent, in Roccabernarda (KR), Italy (Michele Candela, Pasquale Lopetrone, Antonio Borri, Sergio Lagomarsino)….Pages 762-770
Analysis and Monitoring Methodology of the Wooden Structure – Historic Military Architecture (Dariusz Bajno, Łukasz Bednarz, Agnieszka Grzybowska, Rafał Tews)….Pages 771-777
Restoration of Reinforced Lime Concrete Sunshades of a Century Old Heritage Building in New Delhi, India (Dyana Joseline, Hareesh Haridasan, Sundar Rathnarajan, Divya Rani, Thangadurai Raja, Radhakrishna G. Pillai et al.)….Pages 778-787
Mechanical Behaviour of Metal Anchors in Historic Brick Masonry: An Experimental Approach (Rosana Muñoz, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 788-798
Analyzing the Historical Earth Construction for Achieving Earthquake Safety (Bilge Işik)….Pages 799-805
Front Matter ….Pages 807-807
Structural Assessment of Old Masonry Dams (Laura Robles, Fernando Peña)….Pages 809-816
Finite Element Modeling of Cross-Wall Ties in Multi-wythe Walls (Mahmoud El-Rayes, Nigel Shrive)….Pages 817-825
Numerical Modeling of Crack Propagation in Masonry Structures (Rebecca Napolitano, Michael Hess, Rachel Coe-Scharff, Branko Glisic)….Pages 826-834
Numerical Modelling of Hypothetical Quincha Walls on Samaipata Rock (Jacek Kościuk, Janusz Kogut)….Pages 835-843
Simulation of Distinct Element Joint Stiffness of the Historical Masonry Structure Model by Micro-Tremor Measurement (Yu Yamashita, Toshiro Maeda)….Pages 844-852
Numerical Analysis of Settlement-Induced Damage to a Masonry Church Nave Wall (Leidy Bejarano-Urrego, Els Verstrynge, Anastasios Drougkas, Giorgia Giardina, Maarten Bassier, Maarten Vergauwen et al.)….Pages 853-861
Influence of the Thickness of Vaults and Buttresses in the Structural Response of Mexican Colonial Temples (Marcos M. Chávez, Fernando Peña)….Pages 862-870
Simulation of Masonry Arch Bridges Using 3D Discrete Element Modeling (Bora Pulatsu, Ece Erdogmus, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 871-880
Finite Element Modelling and Limit Analysis of Fastnet Lighthouse Under Impulsive Ocean Waves (Athanasios Pappas, Dina D’Ayala, Alessandro Antonini, Alison Raby)….Pages 881-890
19th Century Iron Dome Structures in the Vienna Hofburg. An Insight into the Simplified Structural Assessment of that Period and Its Evaluation Using Modern Engineering Software (Georg Hochreiner, Gudrun Styhler-Aydın)….Pages 891-900
Finite Element Thrust Line Analysis (FETLA) Based Sensitivity Analysis of the Thrust Line of a Masonry Dome with Tension Rings (Siddhartha Ghosh, Mahesh N. Varma, Gabriele Milani)….Pages 901-909
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Historical Aseismic Construction System (Simone Tiberti, Carmelo Scuro, Rosamaria Codispoti, Renato S. Olivito, Gabriele Milani)….Pages 910-918
Tracking of Localized Cracks in the Finite Element Analysis of Masonry Walls (Savvas Saloustros, Luca Pelà, Miguel Cervera, Pere Roca)….Pages 919-928
Structural Behaviour of Gopurams in South Indian Temples (Satyadhrik Sharma, Arun Menon, Hareesh Haridasan, Shibu Samson)….Pages 929-937
Assessment of the Structural Damage on the Former San Agustin Temple Using Numerical Modelling (Hiram Badillo-Almaraz, Agustín Orduña-Bustamante, Octavio Quintero-Sifuentes, Justo Orozco-Rojas)….Pages 938-946
Three-Dimensional Numerical Modelling of Historical Masonry Structures Affected by Tunnelling-Induced Settlements (Angelo Amorosi, Daniela Boldini, Gianmarco de Felice, Wanda Guglielmina Lasciarrea, Marialaura Malena)….Pages 947-956
Analysis of the Dome of India’s Presidential Residence (Chrysl A. Aranha, Arun Menon, Amlan K. Sengupta)….Pages 957-965
Dynamic Behaviour Analysis of an English-Bond Masonry Prototype Using a Homogenized-Based Discrete FE Model (Luís Carlos Silva, Gabriele Milani, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 966-974
On the Stability Analysis of a Geometrically Complex Leaning Historic Structure (Antonio Maria D’Altri, Gabriele Milani, Stefano de Miranda, Giovanni Castellazzi, Vasilis Sarhosis)….Pages 975-982
Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Sri Kedarnath Temple in India (Tamali Bhowmik, G. Mahesh Reddy, Arun Menon, S. T. G. Raghukanth)….Pages 983-991
Simple Homogenized Numerical Model for the Analysis of Multi-leaf Masonry Walls (Simone Tiberti, Gabriele Milani)….Pages 992-999
Diagonal Compressive Tests on Double Wythe Brick Ancient Masonry Panels Unreinforced and Reinforced with Innovative Cement Based Materials: Advanced FE Simulations (Elisa Bertolesi, Gabriele Milani)….Pages 1000-1008
Nonlinear Analysis of Masonry Walls Based on a Damage-Plastic Formulation (Domenico Liberatore, Daniela Addessi, Marialuigia Sangirardi)….Pages 1009-1017
Nonlinear Parametric Static Analysis of Rubble Stone Masonry Walls in Lisbon (Maria Madalena Ponte, Jelena Milosevic, Rita Bento)….Pages 1018-1026
Case Study: Assessment of the Load-Carrying Capacity of Multi-span Masonry Ancient Roman Arch Bridge Situated in “Campana”, Near L’Aquila City (IT) (Lorenzo Fanale, Dante Galeota, Antonio Pietrucci)….Pages 1027-1035
Bearing Capacity of Masonry Walls in Churches by Means of a Probabilistic Assessment (Pavel Kuklik, Evi Susanti, Martin Valek, Drahomír Novak, Radomrr Pukl)….Pages 1036-1044
Square Cross Vaults on Spreading Supports (Claudio Intrigila, Nicola Antonio Nodargi, Paolo Bisegna)….Pages 1045-1053
Effects of Degrading Mechanisms on Masonry Dynamic Response (Daniela Addessi, Cristina Gatta, Enrico Cappelli, Fabrizio Vestroni)….Pages 1054-1062
Structural Evaluation and Preliminary Analysis of the St. Jerome Hall of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem (E. Mauricio Gonzales, Miguel A. Pando, Matthew Whelan, Dante Fratta, Luis F. Ramos, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 1063-1072
Structural Assessment of Masonry Arches Using Admissible Geometrical Domains (Aurélie Deschuyteneer, Jean-François Rondeaux, Denis Zastavni)….Pages 1073-1081
Rotational Stiffness of Connections in a Historical Steel Railway Bridge (Oscar Minor, Pavel Ryjáček)….Pages 1082-1089
Lower Bound Limit Analysis of Masonry Vaults Under General Load Conditions (Aguinaldo Fraddosio, Nicola Lepore, Mario Daniele Piccioni)….Pages 1090-1098
Seismic Modelling of a Masonry Monument Including the Interaction of the Vaults, Longitudinal Walls and Soil (Simonetta Baraccani, Michele Palermo, Tomaso Trombetti, Matthew DeJong)….Pages 1099-1107
Non-linear Modelling of a Geomesh-Reinforced Earthen Wall Subjected to Dynamic Loading (Hugo Portugal, Nicola Tarque)….Pages 1108-1116
Structural Analysis and Damage Assessment of a Historical Masonry Palace – A Case Study (Eva Partene, Marius Mosoarca, Valeriu Stoian)….Pages 1117-1124
Front Matter ….Pages 1125-1125
Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Historic Constructions: The Case of Masonry and Adobe Churches in Italy and Chile (Daniela Díaz Fuentes, Michelangelo Laterza, Michele D’Amato)….Pages 1127-1137
Investigating Exposure in Historical Scenarios: How People Behave in Fires, Earthquakes and Floods (Gabriele Bernardini, Enrico Quagliarini, Marco D’Orazio)….Pages 1138-1151
Flooding Pedestrians’ Evacuation in Historical Urban Scenario: A Tool for Risk Assessment Including Human Behaviors (Gabriele Bernardini, Matteo Postacchini, Enrico Quagliarini, Marco D’Orazio, Maurizio Brocchini)….Pages 1152-1161
Sacral Buildings in Slovenia – Seismic Risk Assessment Through Simplified Methodologies (Anton Štampfl, Vlatko Bosiljkov)….Pages 1162-1171
Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Unreinforced Masonry Churches in Central Chile (Nuria Chiara Palazzi, Luisa Rovero, Ugo Tonietti, Juan Carlos de la Llera, Cristian Sandoval)….Pages 1172-1181
Seismic Assessment of the Palace of Priors in Perugia (Giulio Castori, Romina Sisti, Antonio Borri, Marco Corradi, Alessandro De Maria)….Pages 1182-1190
Seismic Vulnerability Scenarios for Timisoara, Romania (Iasmina Apostol, Marius Mosoarca, Nicola Chieffo, Eugen Onescu)….Pages 1191-1200
Bartolomeo Ammannati’s Fountain: Comparisons Between Different Numerical Models (Barbara Pintucchi, Tommaso Rotunno, Marco Tanganelli, Stefania Viti)….Pages 1201-1209
Assessment of the Seismic Vulnerability of an Unreinforced Masonry Structure Based on Discrete-Macro Dynamic Analyses (César Chácara, Paulo B. Lourenço, Francesco Cannizzaro, Bartolomeo Pantò, Ivo Caliò)….Pages 1210-1218
Vulnerability Assessment of Monumental Masonry Structures Including Uncertainty (Savvas Saloustros, Luca Pelà, Francesca Romana Contrafatto, Pere Roca, Ioannis Petromichelakis)….Pages 1219-1228
Seismic Vulnerability of Old Italian Railway Stations (Andrea Penna, Alessandro Galasco, Marco Tondelli, Maria Rota, Guido Magenes)….Pages 1229-1237
Defining Behavioral Pattern for Historical Buildings in Izmir, Turkey (Kasim A. Korkmaz, Saadet Toker-Beeson)….Pages 1238-1246
An Interdisciplinary Approach for the Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Historic Masonry Buildings: The Case Study of the Ex Jesuits College in Amantea (Italy) (Renato S. Olivito, Saverio Porzio, Alessandro Tedesco)….Pages 1247-1256
An Extensive Survey of the Historic Center of Cusco for Its Seismic Vulnerability Assessment (Enrico Spacone, Giuseppe Brando, Matteo Peruch, Claudio Mazzanti, Karim Sovero, Nicola Tarque)….Pages 1257-1267
Preliminary Analysis on the Effects of 2016 Central Italy Earthquake on One-Nave Churches (Gianfranco De Matteis, Mattia Zizi)….Pages 1268-1279
Simplified Assessment of the Seismic Vulnerability of Churches After the 2009 L’Aquila Earthquake (Gianfranco De Matteis, Giuseppe Brando, Valentina Corlito)….Pages 1280-1289
Front Matter ….Pages 1291-1291
Numerical Seismic Response and Failure Modes of Old URM Walls Under Lateral Loading (Adolfo Preciado, Alejandro Ramirez-Gaytan)….Pages 1293-1300
Nonlinear FE Analysis of the Response to Lateral Accelerations of the Triumphal Arch of the Church of Andahuaylillas, Peru (Selman Tezcan, Niharika Tambe, Christopher Muir, Rafael Aguilar, Renato Perucchio)….Pages 1301-1309
Seismic Retrofit of a Historical Building Using Cored and Internal Grouted Reinforcing (Donald W. Harvey, Wayne Ruth, Matthew K. Ruth, Michael P. Schuller)….Pages 1310-1317
A Methodology to Account for Crushing Effects During Out-of-Plane Collapse of Masonry (Anjali Mehrotra, Matthew J. DeJong)….Pages 1318-1327
Macro-modeling of Adobe Piers for Seismic Analysis of Adobe Dwellings in Cuenca, Ecuador (Rosa Quezada, Eddy Aguilar, Hernán García)….Pages 1328-1336
Seismic Behaviour of a Historic Five-Tiered Pagoda in Nepal (Yohei Endo, Toshikazu Hanazato)….Pages 1337-1345
Seismic Assessment of the Matera Cathedral (E. Ramírez, Paulo B. Lourenço, Michele D’Amato)….Pages 1346-1354
Seismic Demand on Historical Constructions During the 2016–2017 Central Italy Earthquake Sequence (Luigi Sorrentino, Omar AlShawa, Laura Liberatore, Domenico Liberatore, Fabrizio Mollaioli)….Pages 1355-1363
Distinct Element Modelling of the Out-of-Plane Seismic Behaviour of Masonry Walls (Pietro Meriggi, Bartolomeo Pantò, Stefano De Santis, Anna Mordanova, Gianmarco de Felice)….Pages 1364-1371
Experimental Seismic Response of a Half-Scale Stone Masonry Building Aggregate: Effects of Retrofit Strategies (Ilaria Senaldi, Gabriele Guerrini, Martina Caruso, Francesco Graziotti, Guido Magenes, Katrin Beyer et al.)….Pages 1372-1381
Evaluation of the Seismic Performance of a Dwelling of Confined Masonry Walls (Edgar Ccanchi, Adhemir Taboada)….Pages 1382-1391
Structural Characterization for the Seismic Protection of Heritage Churches (Maria Adelaide Parisi, Claudio Chesi)….Pages 1392-1400
Survey, Assessment and Conservation of Post-industrial Cultural Heritage: The Case of the Thin Concrete Vault in Casale, Italy (Stefano Invernizzi, Antonia Spanò, Filiberto Chiabrando)….Pages 1401-1409
Structural Analysis and Evaluation of the Historic Haydarpasa Railway Station (Guzide Aslankaya, Cenk Ustundag)….Pages 1410-1418
Seismic Stability Analysis of Historical Construction: A Case Study – Wazirpur Tomb (Khalid Moin, M. Arastu, Inbisat ul Haq Rafiqi, Monir Khalil, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri, Saqib Qamar)….Pages 1419-1426
The Washington Monument – Post-earthquake Damage Inventory, Repair, and Seismic Vulnerability Assessment (Terrence F. Paret, Owen Rosenboom)….Pages 1427-1435
On Site Surveying of a Historical Structure for Numerical Models Development and Seismic Retrofitting Design (Alberto Viskovic, Pasqualino Carusi, Martina Di Cerchio)….Pages 1436-1444
Seismic Retrofit and Historic Preservation of a San Francisco Banking Temple (Owen Rosenboom, Terrence Paret)….Pages 1445-1453
La Sagrada Familia: Approaches to Seismic Analysis (Marc Easton, Damian N. Grant, Laura Hulme)….Pages 1454-1461
Seismic Assessment of the Church of San Sebastian in Cusco, Peru by Means of Pushover Nonlinear Analysis (María F. Noel, Susana Moreira, Carolina Briceño, Enrique López-Hurtado, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 1462-1470
The Response of Masonry Barrel Vaults to Repetitive Static and Dynamic Loads and Example of Rehabilitation of Historic Barrel Vaults (Jiří Witzany, Miroš Pirner, Radek Zigler, Tomáš Čejka, Shota Urushadze, Jan Kubát)….Pages 1471-1479
Seismic Pounding Analysis of Palazzotto Borbonico “Vecchio” and “Nuovo” in Naples (Claudio Chesi, Antonio Ingrassia, Valentina Sumini)….Pages 1480-1488
Seismic Behavior of Historical Conical Masonry Vaults (Satwant Rihal, William Koh, John Edmisten)….Pages 1489-1497
Bell Towers of Lima’s Cathedral: An Architectural-Engineering Combined Seismic Study (Edoardo Rossi, Adriana Scaletti, Nicola Tarque, Filippo Grande, Rosario Gigliotti, Marco Faggella)….Pages 1498-1506
Experimental Earthquake Response of Two-Storey Scaled URM Buildings (Marta Giaretton, Jason Ingham, Dmytro Dizhur)….Pages 1507-1518
Numerical Interpretation of Structural Behavior of Stone Arches of Historical Storehouses Building (Marco Bovo, Claudio Mazzotti, Marco Savoia)….Pages 1519-1527
Stone Bags Seismic Isolation for Vernacular Earth and Stone Construction (Julio Vargas Neumann, Carlos Sosa Cárdenas, José Montoya Robles)….Pages 1528-1536
Front Matter ….Pages 1537-1537
Strengthening of Masonry Vaults with Textile Reinforced Mortars (Stefano De Santis, Francesca Roscini, Gianmarco de Felice)….Pages 1539-1547
Experimental Investigation of the Structural Response of Adobe Buildings to Lateral Loading Before and After the Implementation of Compatible Grout Repairs (Rogiros Illampas, Rui A. Silva, Dimos C. Charmpis, Paulo B. Lourenço, Ioannis Ioannou)….Pages 1548-1556
Full–Scale Pull–Down Tests on a Two–Storied Rammed Earth Building with Possible Strengthening Interventions (Kshitij C. Shrestha, Takayoshi Aoki, Takaaki Konishi, Mitsuhiro Miyamoto, Jingyao Zhang, Noriyuki Takahashi et al.)….Pages 1557-1565
External Post-tensioning System for the Strengthening of Historical Stone Masonry Bridges (Alejandro Jiménez Rios, Dermot O’Dwyer)….Pages 1566-1574
Proposal of a CLT Reinforcement of Old Timber Floors (Bertrand Roensmaens, Laurent Van Parys, Jorge Branco, Thierry Descamps)….Pages 1575-1584
Mix Proportion and Engineering Behavior of San-Ho-Tu Building Material for Temples and Ancestral Clan Houses (Ching-Jong Chang, Ta-Peng Chang, Chun-Tao Chen, Yu-Wen Liu)….Pages 1585-1593
A TRM-Based Compatible Strengthening Solution for Rammed Earth Heritage: Investigation of the Bond Behavior (Antonio Romanazzi, Daniel V. Oliveira, Rui A. Silva)….Pages 1594-1602
Mechanical Behavior of Polyurethane Adhesives Applied to Timber Joints in Repair of Historical Timber Structures (Kwiecień Arkadiusz, Rodacki Konrad, Zając Bogusław, Tomasz Kozik)….Pages 1603-1612
In-Plane Behavior of Timber Diaphragms Retrofitted with CLT Panels (Ermes Rizzi, Mirko Capovilla, Maurizio Piazza, Ivan Giongo)….Pages 1613-1622
Influence of Masonry Texture on the Shear Strength of FRCM Reinforced Panels (Andrea Incerti, Anna Rosa Tilocca, Francesca Ferretti, Claudio Mazzotti)….Pages 1623-1631
Repair of an Arched Masonry Construction for a Historic Bridge Intervention (Birger Gigla, Thomas Janßen)….Pages 1632-1641
Patterns of Earthquake Damage to Korean Stone Pagoda and Seismic Hazard Mitigation Techniques (Chan Min Park, Derk Moon Kim, Ho Su Kim)….Pages 1642-1650
Possibilities of Using Fiber Reinforced Mortar and Textile Reinforced Mortar for Strengthening Masonry Columns in Rehabilitation Projects (Dragos Bocan, Catalina Bocan, Alexandra Keller)….Pages 1651-1660
Safeguarding and Retrofitting of the Western Eivan of the Takht-e Soleyman, Iran (Wolfram Jaeger, Lorenz Korn, Toralf Burkert, Christian Fuchs)….Pages 1661-1669
Numerical Study of NSM FRP Strengthened Masonry Walls (Xuan Wang, Chi Chiu Lam, Vai Pan Iu, Kun Pang Kou)….Pages 1670-1678
Characteristics and Preservation of Civilian Conservation Corps Construction in the United States (John Feinberg, P. E. Michael Schuller)….Pages 1679-1687
Structural Upgrade of Steel Stub Girders (Kevin Vazquez Vilchis)….Pages 1688-1696
Experimental Study of the Seismic Behavior of Two-Leaf Masonry Wall with and Without Confinement (Maison Puma, Edison Guerrero, Juan Copa, Fidel Copa)….Pages 1697-1705
Revaluation of Historical Buildings with Timber-Concrete Composite in Compliance with Fire Resistance Demands (Klaus Holschemacher, Ulrike Quapp)….Pages 1706-1714
SRG Composite Systems for Strengthening Masonry Structures: From Laboratory to Field Applications (Paolo Casadei, Paolo Girardello)….Pages 1715-1724
Structural Rehabilitation of Santa Maria de Los Reyes Convent. Seville (Spain) (Luis Diaz de la Cruz, Ángel Rozas, Pablo Vilchez, Jorge Herrera)….Pages 1725-1733
Correction of Pattern of Subsidence and Structural Rehabilitation of the Old San Agustín Temple in Mexico City (Abraham R. Sánchez Ramírez, Roberto Meli)….Pages 1734-1742
A Comparison Between the Bond Behavior of SRP and SRG Strengthening Systems Applied to a Masonry Substrate (Mattia Santandrea, Giulia Baietti, Seyedmohammad Kahangi Shahreza, Christian Carloni)….Pages 1743-1750
Mortar Plaster and Reinforcement Use to Repair and Stiff Brazil Historical Constructions (Lucílio Flávio Cyrino, Roberto Márcio da Silva, Alba Bruna Cintra De Grandi)….Pages 1751-1758
Front Matter ….Pages 1759-1759
Conservation Efforts on the Middle Phrygian Gate Complex at Gordion, Turkey (Semih Gonen, David T. Biggs)….Pages 1761-1769
The Adaptation of Medieval Castle Ruins in Zabkowice Slaskie (Poland) for Touristic Services (Jacek Baranski, Jerzy Szolomicki, Piotr Berkowski, Grzegorz Dmochowski, Aleksandra Michalska)….Pages 1770-1779
Seismic Analysis of the Stylite Tower at Umm ar-Rasas (Paolo Clemente, Giuseppe Delmonaco, Lucamaria Puzzilli, Fernando Saitta)….Pages 1780-1788
Damage Assessment of Livas and Kastels in Gaziantep, Turkey (H. Merve Altan, Görün Arun)….Pages 1789-1797
Understanding the Function of Roman Bonding Courses: A Numerical Approach (Rebecca Napolitano, Laura Lansing, Branko Glisic)….Pages 1798-1806
Integration of Finite Element and Graphic Methods in the Study of the Government Complex in Caesarea Maritima (IL) (Angela Pengo, Claudia Marson, Maria Rosa Valluzzi, Michael Cohen, Yaacov Schaffer, Claudio Modena)….Pages 1807-1815
Protecting the Value of Archaeological Heritage: Frame of Reference in Value Assessments (Filomena Sirovica, Andreja Kudelić)….Pages 1816-1829
The Bahrain Pearling Path: Urban Planning, Structural Investigation and Design of the Strengthening Interventions (Marco Motisi, Filippo Casarin, Gionata Rizzi, Franco Pianon, Alessandro Zamara, Lucia Gomez-Robles)….Pages 1830-1838
Ruins and Archaeological Artifacts: Vulnerabilities Analysis for Their Conservation Through the Original Computer Program BrickWORK (Stefano Galassi, Nicola Ruggieri, Giacomo Tempesta)….Pages 1839-1848
Structural Investigations and Modelling of Seismic Behaviour on Ruins in the Monumental Area of Hierapolis of Phrygia (Maria Rosa Valluzzi, Claudia Marson, Sabrina Taffarel, Matteo Salvalaggio, Rita Deiana, Jacopo Boaga)….Pages 1849-1857
Front Matter ….Pages 1859-1859
Extensive Renovation, Modernization and Redevelopment of the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland (Kari Avellan, Erika Belopotocanova)….Pages 1861-1867
Thermal Compatibility of Rigid and Flexible Adhesives to Substrates of Historical Structures (Zając Bogusław, Kwiecień Arkadiusz)….Pages 1868-1877
Sustainable Buildings: The Rehabilitation Project (Célia Maia, Bruno Dias)….Pages 1878-1885
Comfort Assessment of Heritage Buildings in Cuenca-Ecuador (Jaime Guerra Galán, José David Heras Barros, Vanessa Orellana Gutiérrez, Verónica Heras Barros)….Pages 1886-1894
Evaluation of Compressed Lime Plaster tadelakt as a Protective Covering for Earth Structures (Brenda Estefanía Díaz Macías)….Pages 1895-1903
Durability Modeling to Determine Long Term Performance of Historic Concrete Structures (Gina Crevello, Irene Matteini, Paul Noyce)….Pages 1904-1913
Salt-Induced Deterioration on FRP-Brick Masonry Bond (Cristina Gentilini, Elisa Franzoni, Mattia Santandrea, Christian Carloni)….Pages 1914-1921
Historic Surfaces Consolidation – Multiple Treatments. Captured History of Changes and Advancement in the Field of Conservation via Microstructural Consolidation (Agnieszka Defus, Marco Realini)….Pages 1922-1930
Utilize Shape Memory Alloys for the Structural Intervention of Historical Structures (Benjamin T. Forrest, Raafat El-Hacha)….Pages 1931-1939
The Effects of Bird Excrements on Copper and Bronze (Kristen Balogh, Zuzana Slížková, Kateřina Kreislová)….Pages 1940-1948
Towards a More Realistic and Effective Use of Sodium Sulfate in Accelerated Ageing of Natural Stone (Krista MacWilliam, Cristiana Nunes)….Pages 1949-1958
The Impact of Humidity on the Resistance of Historic Adobe Monuments (Romer Lovón, Eric Lovón)….Pages 1959-1967
Graphics of Rigidity Compatibility of Composing Members of Isostatic and Hyperstatic Structures (César Fonseca)….Pages 1968-1975
Front Matter ….Pages 1977-1977
Archival Documents as Sources of Historic Structures’ Construction Materials and Technique: Three Case Studies from Ottoman Architecture (Muzaffer Özgüleş)….Pages 1979-1987
Preparation for Stabilizing the Early Phrygian Gate Complex at Gordion, Turkey (David T. Biggs, Semih Gonen, C. Brian Rose, Elisa Del Bono, Aysem Kilinc-Unlu)….Pages 1988-1997
An Exploratory Study on Project Delivery Frameworks for Heritage Conservation in India (Debopam Roy, Satyanarayana N. Kalidindi, Arun Menon)….Pages 1998-2006
Natural and Synthetic Consolidants for Earth Heritage: A Review (Telma Ribeiro, Daniel V. Oliveira, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 2007-2015
The Collapse and Restoration of the Church of Saint Mary of Itria in Piazza Armerina (Sicily, Italy) (Tiziana Basiricò, Samantha Campione, Antonio Cottone)….Pages 2016-2024
From Preventive Conservation of Heritage to Preventive Conservation of Society: Three Case Studies in the South of Ecuador (Fausto Cardoso Martínez, María Cecilia Achig-Balarezo, Gabriela Barsallo Chávez)….Pages 2025-2034
Sustainability, Disaster Risk and Conservation Problems of Industrial Heritages Between Yedikule and Küçükçekmece, Istanbul (Gamze Kaymak Heinz, Gül Yücel)….Pages 2035-2043
Traditional Residential Architecture in Albania and Kosovo – Mason-Carpenter Structures and Their Future Restoration (Caroline Jaeger-Klein, Arnisa Kryeziu, Elena Mamani, Kaltrina Thaçi)….Pages 2044-2052
Cultural Significance: Linking Actors and Methods (Gabriela García, Jorge Amaya, Alicia Tenze)….Pages 2053-2061
Academy, Cultural Heritage and Innovation in the Province of Azuay, Ecuador (Jorge Amaya, Gabriela García, David Jara)….Pages 2062-2070
Building Information Modeling and Structural Analysis in the Knowledge Path of a Historical Construction (Alfredo Calì, Ângela do Valle, Poliana Dias de Moraes)….Pages 2071-2079
Re-modeling of the Monumental Building According to Existing Standards on Cultural Heritage Protection (Krzysztof Ałykow, Magdalena Napiórkowska-Ałykow)….Pages 2080-2088
Management and Restauration of Two National Historical Monuments of Earthen in Salta, Argentina (Mario Lazarovich, Emanuel Casso)….Pages 2089-2096
Re-tolling the Bells – Preservation of an Historic Bell Tower (MacLaren North)….Pages 2097-2104
Structural and Conservation Analysis of an Industrial Masonry Chimney in Monza, Italy (Giuliana Cardani, Paola Condoleo, Nicola Cefis, Maria GabriellaMulas)….Pages 2105-2113
Preservation of Heritage Buildings Against Natural Processes: The Case of the Saint George Church (Old Cairo, Egypt) (Efthymios Lekkas, Spyridon Mavroulis, Alexia Grampas, Vassiliki Alexoudi)….Pages 2114-2122
Restoration of the Municipal Theatre of Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil (Benedito Tadeu de Oliveira)….Pages 2123-2132
Protection of Historical Structures and Interventions for Repair and Strengthening with Emphasis on Antiseismic Conservation (Spyridon Mavroulis, Vassiliki Alexoudi, Alexia Grambas, Ioannis Taflampas, Efthymios Lekkas, Panayotis Carydis)….Pages 2133-2141
Synergies Between Lean Construction and Management of Heritage Structures and Conservation Strategies – A General Overview (Xavier Brioso, Rafael Aguilar, Claudia Calderón-Hernandez)….Pages 2142-2149
Reconsidering the Vaulted Forms of Cuba’s National School of Ballet (Isabella Douglas, Rebecca Napolitano, Maria Garlock, Branko Glisic)….Pages 2150-2158
Front Matter ….Pages 2159-2159
Protection and Monitoring of Three Temples Close to the Excavation of a Tunnel in Guadalajara, Mexico (Roberto Meli, Abraham R. Sánchez Ramírez, Miguel Rodríguez)….Pages 2161-2169
The Influence of Bell’s Swaying on Neo-Gothic Cathedral (Shota Urushadze, Miroš Pirner)….Pages 2170-2178
Health Monitoring with Acceleration Measurement for Maintenance and Management in World Heritage Angkor Wat (Narito Kurata, Kiyohiko Hattori, Katsuhiro Temma)….Pages 2179-2187
Monitoring, Assessment and Diagnosis of Fraeylemaborg in Groningen, Netherlands (Dimitris Dais, Eleni Smyrou, Ihsan Engin Bal, Jelle Pama)….Pages 2188-2196
Detachment Monitoring of Repair Mortar Applied to Historical Masonry Stone by Acoustic Emission Technique (Alessandro Grazzini, Giuseppe Lacidogna, Silvio Valente, Federico Accornero)….Pages 2197-2205
Strategy of Structural Monitoring of Heritage Structures for Phase 1B for Jaipur Metro – An Overview (Shashank Mehendale, Abha Lambah, Ashwani Kumar Saxena, Akhilesh Kumar Saxena, Sanjay Takekar)….Pages 2206-2215
Environmental and Dynamic Remote Monitoring of Historical Adobe Buildings: The Case Study of the Andahuaylillas Church in Cusco, Peru (Giacomo Zonno, Rafael Aguilar, Benjamin Castañeda, Rubén Boroschek, Paulo B. Lourenço)….Pages 2216-2224
Example Applications of Satellite Monitoring for Post-tunnelling Settlement Damage Assessment for the Crossrail Project in London (Giorgia Giardina, Pietro Milillo, Matthew J. DeJong, Daniele Perissin, Giovanni Milillo)….Pages 2225-2235
Long-Term Vibration Measurements to Enhance the Knowledge of a Historic Bell-Tower (Carmelo Gentile, Antonello Ruccolo, Antonella Saisi)….Pages 2236-2244
Implementation of a Web Platform to Present Real Time Dynamic Monitoring Data from Heritage Structures (David Fosca, Patricia Pórcel, Giacomo Zonno, Benjamín Castañeda, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 2245-2253
Structural Health Monitoring and Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability of Historic Monuments on the Great Silk Road Based on Laser Scanning (Shakhzod Takhirov, Amir Gilani, Brian Quigley, Liliya Myagkova)….Pages 2254-2263
Static and Dynamic Investigation of the Taro Masonry Bridge in Parma, Italy (Andrea Benedetti, Camilla Colla, Giacomo Pignagnoli, Mirco Tarozzi)….Pages 2264-2272
Structural Analysis and Monitoring Suggestions for an 11th Century Shipwreck (Selcuk Bas, Omer Karakus, Oguz Ceylan, Alper Ilki)….Pages 2273-2282
Front Matter ….Pages 2283-2283
The Sobrado Vallim Rehabilitation Project (Guilherme Parsekian, Douglas Barreto, Marcos Carilho, Vera Domschke, Fernando Fonseca)….Pages 2285-2294
Framework for a Maintenance-Focused Conservation System (Arturo Cruz, Vaughan Coffey, Tommy H. T. Chan)….Pages 2295-2303
Historical and Structural Analysis of a Deteriorated Reinforced Concrete Structure: Student Residence Camilo Torres in Leuven (Belgium) (Charlotte Van Steen, Lydia Koptsopoulou, Els Verstrynge)….Pages 2304-2313
Reshaping the Villa – Complex Intervention in a 1930’s Structure (Ioan Andreescu, Marius Moșoarcă, Dan-Răzvan Dinu)….Pages 2314-2322
The Lossetti Tower in Beura-Cardezza (Italy): Structural Assessment and Rehabilitation of a Historical Dry Stone Masonry Building (Francesco Monni, Enrico Quagliarini, Stefano Lenci)….Pages 2323-2331
Evaluation of Primitive Extraction Methods from Point Clouds of Cultural Heritage Buildings (Carlos Pérez-Sinticala, Romain Janvier, Xavier Brunetaud, Sylvie Treuillet, Rafael Aguilar, Benjamín Castañeda)….Pages 2332-2341
The Unique Baroque Carousel in Hanau, Germany – Renovation, Restauration and Rebuilding of Movement (Bernd Mittnacht)….Pages 2342-2349
The Medieval Grange of Cuna – Siena (Italy)- Interdisciplinary Studies on Masonry Structures (Elena Manzoni, Filippo Casarin, Silvia Dandria, Alberto Dusi, Marco Giamello, Elisabetta Giorgi et al.)….Pages 2350-2358
Compressive Strength of Fired-Clay Brick with Variations in Composition of Rice Husk Ash Compared with Ancient Bricks in Dvāravatī Peroid, Northeast Thailand (Kritika Trakoolngam, Sarunya Promkotra, Tawiwan Kangsadan)….Pages 2359-2367
Using Earthquake-Induced Damage on Historical Constructions for the Detection of the Basic Seismological Parameters of Historical Earthquakes (Spyridon Mavroulis, Alexia Grampas, Vassiliki Alexoudi, Ioannis Taflampas, Panayotis Carydis, Efthymios Lekkas)….Pages 2368-2376
In Favour of Collaborative Research Methodologies. The Case of the Architectural Design for the Renewal of São Francisco de Real Convent, in Braga, Portugal (Maria Manuel Oliveira, João Pedro Fonte, João Pereira Silva)….Pages 2377-2385
Diagnosis and Structural Assessment of the Fortress and Convent of Ínsua de São Isidro (Santiago Granda, Saulo Lopez, Fabiana Navia, Eduardo Ramirez, Rafael Ramirez, Luis F. Ramos et al.)….Pages 2386-2394
Importance of Environmental Monitoring After Rehabilitation of Heritage Masonry Buildings in Seismic Zone: Case Study (María Domizio, Noemi Maldonado, Luis Fernández Luco, Pablo Arena)….Pages 2395-2403
Restoration of the Ottoman Bath on Kastellorizo (Fotini Chalvantzi, Konstantinos I. Toumpakaris, Archontoula Diakomanoli, Klisthenis Dimitriadis, Alexandra Gavrili)….Pages 2404-2411
Sensitivity and Preliminary Analyses for the Seismic Assessment of Ardinghelli Palace (Jamil Haddad, Serena Cattari, Sergio Lagomarsino)….Pages 2412-2421
Safety of the Architectural Heritage: Structural Assessment of the Zuccaro’s Tower in Mantua (Antonella Saisi, Stefania Terenzoni, Antonello Ruccolo, Carmelo Gentile)….Pages 2422-2430
Preliminary Structural Diagnosis of the Sacsamarca Church in Peru Using Photogrammetry and IR Thermography (Carolina Briceño, Mauricio Gonzales, Carlos Yaya, Susana Moreira, Rafael Aguilar)….Pages 2431-2438
Production of Organic Lime Mortar to Adapt CO2 for Construction of Scared Groves @ Auroville, Puducherry, India (Sriram Pradeep, Thirumalini Selvaraj)….Pages 2439-2447
Structural Balance of Historical Aggregates (Marius Mosoarca, Valeriu Stoian, Margareta Florea, Marius Niculescu)….Pages 2448-2456
Promoting Vernacular Architecture, A Basis for Building Back Safer? A Case Study from Nepal (Eugénie Crété, Santosh Yadav, Yannick Sieffert, Majid Hajmirbaba, Julien Hosta, Miguel Ferreira Mendes et al.)….Pages 2457-2465
Enhancing Livability Through Universal Usability: A Case of City Palace Museum of Udaipur (Shweta Vardia, Rachna Khare, Poonam Khan)….Pages 2466-2474
Durability, Sustainability and Restorability of the Saudi Desert Village of Historic Al-Ghat (Hisham Mortada)….Pages 2475-2482
Restoration of the Masonry Arch Bridge Over Jamor River in the National Palace of Queluz (Marta Alves, Catarina Vaz, Augusto Gomes, Francisco Virtuoso)….Pages 2483-2491
The Restoration of the Skokloster Castle Roof Structure (Carl Thelin, Folke Höst)….Pages 2492-2500
Experimental Dynamic Behavior of Historical Buildings at Scale Model: San Raymundo Church, Guatemala (Rolando Torres, Alberto Blanco, Janeth De Paz, Jorge Campo)….Pages 2501-2509
Back Matter ….Pages 2511-2518

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