Civil MDC


Structural design is the primary aspect of civil engineering. The foremost basic in structural engineering is the design of simple basic components and members of a building viz., Slabs, Beams, Columns and Footings. In order to design them, it is important to first obtain the plan of the particular building. Thereby depending on the suitability; plan layout of beams and the position of columns are fixed. Thereafter, the vertical loads are calculated namely the dead load and live load. Once the loads are obtained, the component takes the load first i.e the slabs can be designed. Designing of slabs depends upon whether it is a one-way or a two-way slab, the end conditions and the loading. From the slabs, the loads are transferred to the beam. The loads coming from the slabs onto the beam may be trapezoidal or triangular. Depending on this, the beam may be designed. Thereafter, the loads (mainly shear) from the beams are taken by the columns. For designing columns, it is necessary to know the moments they are subjected to. For this purpose, frame analysis is done by Moment Distribution Method. After this, the designing of columns is taken up depending on end conditions, moments, eccentricity and if it is a short or slender column. Most of the columns designed in this mini project were considered to be axially loaded with uniaxial bending. Finally, the footings are designed based on the loading from the column and also the soil bearing capacity value for that particular area. Most importantly, the sections must be checked for all the four components with regard to strength and serviceability.

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