Civil MDC

Structural Integrity Cases in Mechanical and Civil Engineering	by Shahrum Abdullah, Salvinder Singh Karam Singh, Noorsuhada Md Nor 2

Structural Integrity Cases in Mechanical and Civil Engineering by Shahrum Abdullah, Salvinder Singh Karam Singh, Noorsuhada Md Nor

This book covers most of the damage mechanism in the scope of mechanical engineering and civil engineering. The failure pattern of various materials and structures is mainly discussed. The sub-topics covers fatigue damage, fatigue crack initiation and propagation, life prediction techniques, computational fracture mechanics, dynamic fracture, damage mechanics and assessment, non-destructive test (NDT), concrete failure assessment, failure on soil structures, structural durability and reliability, structural health monitoring, construction damage recovery, and any relevant topics related to failure analysis.
Table of contents :
List of Figures
List of Tables
1 A Review of Shear Wall Location Response in High-Rise RCC Structures as a Result of Earthquake Effect
1.1 Introduction
1.1.1 The Common Methods of Earthquakes Resistant
1.1.2 Shear Wall
1.1.3 Shear Wall Configurations
1.1.4 Types of Shear Wall
1.1.5 Advantages of Shear Walls in RC Buildings
1.1.6 Strengthening of RCC Building with Shear Wall
1.2 Literature Review
1.2.1 RC Shear Wall
1.2.2 Function of Shear Wall
1.2.3 Past Earthquake Effect on High Rise Building
1.2.4 Performance of Location of Shear Wall for Multi-Storey
1.3 Conclusion
2 LCO Flutter Instability on Oscillating Supersonic Wing by Means of Linearized Aerodynamic Small Disturbance Theory
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Aeroelasticity
2.2 Structural Wing Model
2.2.1 Double Wedge Supersonic Airfoil
2.2.2 Wing Design
2.2.3 External Stores
2.3 Lifting Surface Theory
2.3.1 Integral Equations of the Linearized Small Distribution Equation
2.4 Aeroelastic Analysis and Steepest Descent Optimization
2.4.1 Analysis Procedure
2.5 Finite Element Wing Model
2.5.1 Wing Structural Configuration
2.5.2 Benchmark: Flutter Speed of Fully Aluminum Wing
2.5.3 Optimization Via Steepest Descent Method
2.5.4 Vibration Modes
2.5.5 Aeroelastic Flutter Assessment
2.6 Conclusion
3 Peridynamic Method for Behaviour of Polycarbonate Specimen in Impact Test
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Background of Peridynamic (PD)
3.1.2 Charpy Impact Test
3.1.3 Polycarbonate Specimen
3.2 Methodology
3.2.1 Charpy Impact Test of PC
3.2.2 PD Formulation
3.2.3 PD Modelling for Charpy Impact Test
3.2.4 Material Constitutive Equation
3.3 Result and Discussion
3.3.1 Load Curve Comparison
3.3.2 Post-fracture Specimen Shape Comparison
3.4 Conclusion
4 Enhancement of Mechanical Properties for AZ31B Quenching in Nano Fluid
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Methodology
4.2.1 Experimental Procedure
4.2.2 Experimental Procedure
4.2.3 Preparation of Optical Metallographic
4.3 Results and Discussion
4.3.1 Tensile Test
4.3.2 Optical Microscopy Preparation of Optical Metallographic
4.4 Conclusion
5 Comparison of Lattice Structure Configurations for Suitability in Turbine Blades Using Modal and Harmonic Response Analysis
5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Lattice Structure
5.1.2 Applications of Lattice Structure
5.1.3 Modal Analysis
5.2 Methodology
5.2.1 2.1. Free Vibration Analysis
5.2.2 Forced Vibration Analysis
5.3 Results and Discussion
5.3.1 Modal Analysis Results
5.3.2 Harmonic Response Results
5.4 Conclusion
6 Systematic Review: Overview on Trends and Future Opportunities of Additive Manufactured Lattice Structures
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Methodology: Systematic Literature Review
6.2.1 Selection of Keywords
6.2.2 Application of Screening Criteria
6.3 Results and Discussion
6.3.1 Bibliographic Analysis: Publication Trends and Progress
6.3.2 Analysis on Research Trends in Fatigue Behaviour of Lattice Structures
6.3.3 Lattice Structure Parameters Influencing Fatigue Behaviour
6.3.4 Effect of Manufacturing Parameters, Heat-Treatment on Additively Manufactured Lattice Structure Mechanical Properties
6.4 Conclusion
7 Review on Coastal Liquefaction at Sabah Bays
7.1 Introduction
7.1.1 Sabah Fault Line and Seismicity
7.1.2 Liquefaction Scaling Factor
7.2 Methodology
7.3 Result
7.4 Conclusion
8 Ground Motion Prediction Equations for Sabah Region
8.1 Introduction
8.1.1 Background of Study
8.1.2 Earthquake in Sabah
8.2 Methodology
8.2.1 Compilation of Earthquake Recorded
8.2.2 Description of the GMPE Considered
8.3 Result
8.3.1 Classification of Ground Motion Prediction Equations
8.4 Conclusion
9 Fatigue Detection on Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Material Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor
9.1 Introduction
9.2 FBG in Fatigue Damage Sensing
9.3 Materials and Methods
9.3.1 Workpiece Preparation
9.3.2 Tensile Test
9.4 Results and Discussion
9.5 Conclusion
10 Biomechanical Overloading Factors Influencing the Failure of Dental Implants: A Review
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Materials and Methods
10.3 Results
10.3.1 Parafunctional Habits
10.3.2 Cantilever Extension
10.3.3 Prosthesis Morphology and Contact
10.3.4 Implant Materials
10.3.5 Implant Diameter
10.3.6 Implant Length
10.3.7 Implant–Abutment Connection
10.4 Challenges in Securing Dental Implant Stability
10.5 Conclusion
11 Sensitivity Creep Simulation for the Equipment’s Component Experiencing Extreme Elevated Temperature
11.1 Introduction
11.1.1 Objective
11.2 Methodology
11.2.1 MPC Project Omega Data Creep Simulation
11.2.2 In Situ Surface Replication Evaluation
11.2.3 Hardness Evaluation
11.3 Results and Discussions
11.3.1 MPC Omega Data Creep Assessment
11.3.2 In Situ Surface Replication Evaluation
11.3.3 Hardness Evaluation
11.4 Conclusion
12 Characterization of Fatigue and Crack Growth on AZ31B Magnesium Alloy
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Materials and Methods
12.2.1 Tensile Tests
12.2.2 Fatigue Tests
12.2.3 Fatigue Analysis
12.2.4 Crack Growth Test
12.2.5 Crack Growth Analysis
12.3 Results and Discussion
12.3.1 Tensile Test
12.3.2 Fatigue Test
12.3.3 Crack Growth Test
12.4 Conclusion
13 The Effects of Mean Strain on the Fatigue Life of the SAE 1541 Carbon Steel Based on the Strain-Life Approach
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Methodology
13.3 Results and Discussion
13.4 Conclusions
14 Mechanical Characteristics of Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Bricks
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Methodology
14.2.1 Fly Ash Chemical Analysis
14.2.2 Specimen Preparation
14.2.3 Mechanical Testing
14.3 Results and Discussions
14.3.1 Fly Ash Chemical Analysis
14.3.2 Fracture Analysis
14.3.3 Compressive Strength
14.3.4 Splitting Tensile Strength
14.4 Conclusion
15 Effect of Bio Lubricants on the Dynamic Performance of Rotor Bearing System: A Mathematical Model
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Rotor Model
15.3 Design of Journal Bearing Test Bench
15.4 Results and Discussions
15.5 Conclusion
16 Experimental Investigation of Acoustic Emission Characteristics at Different Type of Sensors for Granite
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Methodology
16.2.1 Sample Preparation and Position of the Acoustic Emission Source Location
16.2.2 Test Setup for the Pencil Lead Fracture and the Analyses
16.3 Results and Discussion
16.3.1 Acoustic Emission Energy
16.3.2 Peak Frequency at Each Source Location
16.4 Conclusions
17 Seismic Excitations of Prefabricated Reinforced Concrete Building Performance: Case Study of Kolej Delima Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Literature Review
17.2.1 Hysteresis Loop and Energy Behaviour of the Reinforced Concrete Structure
17.3 Methodology
17.4 Results and Discussion
17.4.1 Seismic Performance of Delima Hostel UiTMPP Under Earthquake Excitations
17.4.2 Seismic Performance of Delima Hostel UiTMPP Under Earthquake Excitations
17.5 Conclusion
18 The Effects of Peat Modified Asphalt Binder Concentrations on Viscoelastic Properties
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Materials and Methods
18.2.1 Properties of the Original Asphalt
18.2.2 Parit Nipah Peat (PNpt)
18.2.3 Rheological Isochronal Plot
18.2.4 Black Diagram Plot
18.2.5 Surface Free Energy
18.3 Results and Discussion
18.3.1 Isochronal Plots
18.3.2 Black Diagram
18.3.3 Surface Free Energy
18.3.4 Electron Images of Modified Asphalt Binder
18.3.5 Failure Temperature
18.4 Conclusion
19 Experimental Assessment of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete Beam Strengthened with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Methodology
19.2.1 Preparation of Materials
19.2.2 Installation of the CFRP on the SFRC Beams
19.2.3 Test Setup and Acoustic Emission Monitoring
19.2.4 Observation of the Crack Propagation
19.3 Results and Discussion
19.3.1 Observation of the Crack Pattern at Ultimate Loads
19.3.2 Signal Strength of the Control Beam (B0SF0C)
19.3.3 Signal Strength of the 1% SFRC Beam (B1SF0C)
19.3.4 Signal Strength of the 1% SFRC Beam Wrapped with CFRP (B1SF1C)
19.3.5 Signal Strength with Respect to Damage Modes for All Beam Specimens
19.4 Conclusion
20 Simulation of Structural Analysis on Fatigue Crack (Isotropic) in FRP Laminate
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Material
20.3 Methodology
20.4 Results and Discussions
20.5 Conclusion
21 Managing Damages Recovery: Adopting Green Road Operation and Maintenance Index Criteria
21.1 Introduction
21.1.1 Infrastructure
21.1.2 Operations and Maintenance (O&M)
21.1.3 Maintenance Impact on Climate Change
21.1.4 Climate Change’s Impact
21.1.5 Sustainable Maintenance
21.1.6 Sustainability Rating System
21.1.7 Malaysia’s Green Rating System
21.1.8 Road Development in Malaysia
21.2 Problem Statement
21.3 Purpose of the Study
21.4 Research Scope
21.5 Methodology
21.6 Results and Discussion
21.6.1 Pilot Study
21.6.2 Comparative Review
21.6.3 Focus Group Discussion—FGD
21.6.4 Carbon Data and Measurement
21.6.5 Expert Validation
21.7 Conclusion
22 Building Defects Assessment Framework for Malaysian Construction Projects
22.1 Introduction
22.2 Methodology
22.2.1 A Subsection Sample
22.2.2 Data Analysis
22.3 Results and Discussion
22.3.1 Respondents Profile
22.3.2 Common Types of Defects in Construction
22.3.3 Contribution Factors to Building Defects in Construction
22.3.4 Expert Verification
22.3.5 Expert Verification
22.3.6 Expert Verification
22.4 Conclusion
23 CO2 Emission and Cost Estimates of Wastepaper Sludge Ash in Controlled Low-Strength Material Towards Sustainability
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Methodology
23.2.1 Inventory Analysis
23.2.2 Impact Assessment
23.2.3 Mix Proportion
23.2.4 CO2 Costing
23.3 Results and Discussions
23.3.1 CO2 Emission for Material
23.3.2 CO2 Emission of WSA in CLSM
23.3.3 Cost Estimation of CO2 Emission of WSA in CLSM
23.4 Conclusion
24 Acoustic Emission Characterisation of Reinforced Concrete Beam at an Initiation Stage of Fatigue Damage
24.1 Introduction
24.2 Experimental Programme
24.2.1 Sample Preparation
24.2.2 Fatigue Test
24.2.3 Acoustic Emission Monitoring
24.3 Results and Discussion on Acoustic Emission
24.3.1 Signal Strength
24.3.2 Intensity Analysis
24.3.3 Intensity Analysis
24.4 Conclusions

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