\n\n\n

Civil MDC

Guide to Seismic Design of Punching Shear Reinforcement in Flat Plates (ACI 421.2R-10) 2

Guide to Seismic Design of Punching Shear Reinforcement in Flat Plates (ACI 421.2R-10)

Description

Brittle punching failure can occur due to the transfer of shear forces combined with unbalanced moments between slabs and columns. During an earthquake, significant horizontal displacement of a flat plate-column connection may occur, resulting in unbalanced moments that induce additional slab shear stresses. As a result, some flat platestructures have collapsed by punching shear in past earth-quakes (Berg and Stratta 1964; Yanev et al. 1991; Mitchellet al. 1990, 1995). During the 1985 Mexico earthquake(Yanev et al. 1991), 91 waffle-slab and solid-slab buildingscollapsed, and another 44 buildings suffered severe damage.

Hueste and Wight (1999) studied a building with a post-tensioned flat plate that experienced punching shear failures during the 1994 Northridge, CA, earthquake. Their study provided a relationship between the level of gravity load and the maximum story drift ratio that a flat plate-column connection can undergo without punching shear failure. The displacement-induced unbalanced moments and resulting shear forces at flat plate-column connections, although unintended, should be designed to prevent brittle punching shear failure. Even when an independent lateral-force-resisting system is provided, flat plate-column connections should be designed to accommodate the moments and shear forces associated with the displacements during earthquakes.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.