Civil MDC

2021 Fluid Mechanics in SI Units by Russell Hibbeler 2

2021 Fluid Mechanics in SI Units by Russell Hibbeler

Description

For Fluid Mechanics courses found in Civil and Environmental, General Engineering, and Engineering Technology and Industrial Management departments.Fluid Mechanics is intended to provide a comprehensive guide to a full understanding of the theory and many applications of fluid mechanics. The text features many of the hallmark pedagogical aids unique to Hibbeler texts, including its student-friendly, clear organization. The text supports the development of student problem-solving skills through a large variety of problems, representing a broad range of engineering disciplines that stress practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, and provide varying levels of difficulty. The text offers flexibility in that basic principles are covered in chapters 1-6, and the remaining chapters can be covered in any sequence without the loss of continuity.

Updates to the 2nd Edition result from comments and suggestions from colleagues, reviewers in the teaching profession, and many of the author’s students, and include expanded topic coverage and new Example and Fundamental Problems intended to further students’ understanding of the theory and its applications.Pearson Mastering™ Engineering is not included. Students, if Pearson Mastering Engineering is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN. Mastering Engineering should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.

Reach every student by pairing this text with Pearson Mastering Engineering Mastering is the teaching and learning platform that empowers you to reach every student. By combining trusted author content with digital tools and a flexible platform, Mastering personalizes the learning experience and improves results for each student.

Table of contents :

Front Cover
Title Page
Copyright Page
Preface
Contents
1 Fundamental Concepts
Chapter Objectives
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Characteristics of Matter
1.3 The International System of Units
1.4 Calculations
1.5 Problem Solving
1.6 Some Basic Fluid Properties
1.7 Viscosity
1.8 Viscosity Measurement
1.9 Vapor Pressure
1.10 Surface Tension and Capillarity
2 Fluid Statics
Chapter Objectives
2.1 Pressure
2.2 Absolute and Gage Pressure
2.3 Static Pressure Variation
2.4 Pressure Variation for Incompressible Fluids
2.5 Pressure Variation for Compressible Fluids
2.6 Measurement of Static Pressure
2.7 Hydrostatic Force on a Plane Surface—Formula Method
2.8 Hydrostatic Force on a Plane Surface—Geometrical Method
2.9 Hydrostatic Force on a Plane Surface—Integration Method
2.10 Hydrostatic Force on an Inclined Plane or Curved Surface Determined by Projection
2.11 Buoyancy
2.12 Stability
2.13 Constant Translational Acceleration of a Liquid
2.14 Steady Rotation of a Liquid
3 Kinematics of Fluid Motion
Chapter Objectives
3.1 Types of Fluid Flow
3.2 Graphical Descriptions of Fluid Flow
3.3 Fluid Flow Descriptions
3.4 Fluid Acceleration
3.5 Streamline Coordinates
4 Conservation of Mass
Chapter Objectives
4.1 Volumetric Flow, Mass Flow, and Average Velocity
4.2 Finite Control Volumes
4.3 The Reynolds Transport Theorem
4.4 Conservation of Mass
5 Work and Energy of Moving Fluids
Chapter Objectives
5.1 Euler’s Equations of Motion
5.2 The Bernoulli Equation
5.3 Applications of the Bernoulli Equation
5.4 Energy and Hydraulic Grade Lines
5.5 The Energy Equation
6 Fluid Momentum
Chapter Objectives
6.1 The Linear Momentum Equation
6.2 Applications to Bodies at Rest
6.3 Applications to Bodies Having Constant Velocity
6.4 The Angular Momentum Equation
6.5 Propellers and Wind Turbines
6.6 Applications for Control Volumes Having Accelerated Motion
6.7 Turbojets and Turbofans
6.8 Rockets
7 Differential Fluid Flow
Chapter Objectives
7.1 Differential Analysis
7.2 Kinematics of Differential Fluid Elements
7.3 Circulation and Vorticity
7.4 Conservation of Mass
7.5 Equations of Motion for a Fluid Particle
7.6 The Euler and Bernoulli Equations
7.7 Potential Flow Hydrodynamics
7.8 The Stream Function
7.9 The Potential Function
7.10 Basic Two-Dimensional Flows
7.11 Superposition of Flows
7.12 The Navier–Stokes Equations
7.13 Computational Fluid Dynamics
8 Dimensional Analysis and Similitude
Chapter Objectives
8.1 Dimensional Analysis
8.2 Important Dimensionless Numbers
8.3 The Buckingham Pi Theorem
8.4 Some General Considerations Related to Dimensional Analysis
8.5 Similitude
9 Viscous Flow Within Enclosed Conduits
Chapter Objectives
9.1 Steady Laminar Flow Between Parallel Plates
9.2 Navier–Stokes Solution for Steady Laminar Flow Between Parallel Plates
9.3 Steady Laminar Flow Within a Smooth Pipe
9.4 Navier–Stokes Solution for Steady Laminar Flow Within a Smooth Pipe
9.5 The Reynolds Number
9.6 Fully Developed Flow from an Entrance
9.7 Laminar and Turbulent Shear Stress Within a Smooth Pipe
9.8 Steady Turbulent Flow Within a Smooth Pipe
10 Analysis and Design for Pipe Flow
Chapter Objectives
10.1 Resistance to Flow in Rough Pipes
10.2 Losses Occurring from Pipe Fittings and Transitions
10.3 Single-Pipeline Flow
10.4 Pipe Systems
10.5 Flow Measurement
11 Viscous Flow over External Surfaces
Chapter Objectives
11.1 The Concept of the Boundary Layer
11.2 Laminar Boundary Layers
11.3 The Momentum Integral Equation
11.4 Turbulent Boundary Layers
11.5 Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers
11.6 Drag and Lift
11.7 Pressure Gradient Effects
11.8 The Drag Coefficient
11.9 Drag Coefficients for Bodies Having Various Shapes
11.10 Methods for Reducing Drag
11.11 Lift and Drag on an Airfoil
12 Open-Channel Flow
Chapter Objectives
12.1 Types of Flow in Open Channels
12.2 Open-Channel Flow Classifications
12.3 Specific Energy
12.4 Open-Channel Flow over a Rise or Bump
12.5 Open-Channel Flow Under a Sluice Gate
12.6 Steady Uniform Channel Flow
12.7 Gradually Varied Flow
12.8 The Hydraulic Jump
12.9 Weirs
13 Compressible Flow
Chapter Objectives
13.1 Thermodynamic Concepts
13.2 Wave Propagation Through a Compressible Fluid
13.3 Types of Compressible Flow
13.4 Stagnation Properties
13.5 Isentropic Flow Through a Variable Area
13.6 Isentropic Flow Through Converging and Diverging Nozzles
13.7 The Effect of Friction on Compressible Flow
13.8 The Effect of Heat Transfer on Compressible Flow
13.9 Normal Shock Waves
13.10 Shock Waves in Nozzles
13.11 Oblique Shock Waves
13.12 Compression and Expansion Waves
13.13 Compressible Flow Measurement
14 Turbomachines
Chapter Objectives
14.1 Types of Turbomachines
14.2 Axial-Flow Pumps
14.3 Radial-Flow Pumps
14.4 Ideal Performance for Pumps
14.5 Turbines
14.6 Pump Performance
14.7 Cavitation and the Net Positive Suction Head
14.8 Pump Selection Related to the Flow System
14.9 Turbomachine Similitude
Appendix
A Physical Properties of Fluids
B Compressible Properties of a Gas (k = 1.4)
Fundamental Solutions
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
Back Cover

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