SCOPE OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
Engineering discipline is a vast area that offers unlimited specialization. It can be defned as the systematic presentation of scientifc principles employed for the advantage of the public. It is the career in which the understanding of mathematics and natural sciences, achieved by learning, understanding, and rehearsal, is supported by wisdom to acquire methods to consume the material and forces of the environment for the utility of society in a cautious way. The conventional divisions of engineering are civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering. Other than these basic divisions, there are numerous other branches. To name a few, computer engineering, aeronautical engineering, industrial engineering, chemical engineering, marine engineering, automobile engineering, polymer engineering, textile engineering, ceramic engineering, and so on.
As engineers with specifc skills established their logical knowledge and professional organizations, the opportunity of civil engineering was confned to construction, which was the frst to utilize scientifc principles. For example, the theory of cantilever was frst explored by Galileo Galilei. Civil engineering is an engineering specialty and is considered to be the original one among all branches of engineering. The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), UK, in its royal charter has defned Civil Engineering as “the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for use and convenience of the man.” It includes planning, design, erection as well as repairs of the built structures like bridges, buildings, roads, dams, canals, railways, reservoirs, towers, spillways, and chimneys. However, Civil Engineering alone cannot sustain independently. It has to join hands with other branches of Engineering. In fact, different branches of engineering should balance and also complement each other, though each one including Civil Engineering has its own distinct and precise roles in the development and progress of the society.
An engineer means the one who converts the concepts into realism using the developed scientifc information and accessible resources for the proft of the community. Civil engineers have one of the world’s most signifcant jobs. They work with structures. Civil engineers are constantly engaged in developing approaches and amenities to survive with most of the earth’s severe worries. In the present condition of polluted air, rotten cities, roadways, bridges, congested airports and highways, contaminated rivers, lakes and streams, the civil engineer is being called on to propose solutions that are feasible, sustainable, and economical. He will be responsible for refning the class of living in these areas and much more. Civil engineers are the principal manipulators of present day’s cutting-edge technology from all branches of engineering
They utilize the up-to-date perceptions in the computer-aided design during planning, designing, and construction.
Various types of software are being used in project scheduling and cost constraints. It can be justifably believed that we cannot have current advancements without civil engineers. Thus the key scope of civil engineering is planning, designing, estimating, contracting, and management of diverse construction events for the beneft of the society.
RESPONSIBILITIES AND ROLE OF A CIVIL ENGINEER
Civil engineers are considered to be the engineers of progress. A building is designed by civil engineers by attributing a group of structural elements that sustain the architectural 3-D scattering. A civil engineer plans a highway by forming a plane that can suffciently withstand the stress and strains of the moving vehicles and of the centrifugal forces at the curves. Civil engineers design water resource system with provision for the water intake at a suitable source, a water transmission arrangement to carry the water to a water treatment plant, and a water distribution network to supply the water to the end user. Waste water disposal and waste water treatment plant that empties the depleted water away from the user, treats it to neutralize the pathogen carriers and harmful organic materials, and carefully empties it into a suitable carrier without harmfully impairing its natural environment are also designed by a civil engineer.
Civil engineers are the leading performers of development during serene situations. They also design and construct the essential infrastructure on which fscal progress of a nation relies.
The key responsibilities of a civil engineer can be attributed as given:
To gather information through exploration and assessment of property and resources.
To choose construction procedures which result in the accomplishment of the project with optimal period and rate.
To design the project in such a manner that it allows utmost benefts by scientifc and engineering codes.
To confrm the usage of materials, manpower, and equipment present at the location of a project, which cuts the rates down.
To do surveying and leveling with survey instruments.
To make maps, plans, and all other appropriate sketches.
To do soil investigation.
To carry out scheduling and overseeing the project.
To formulate estimates, cost analysis, and tenders with specifcations and conditions of contract for the project.
The book provides primary information about civil engineering to both a civil and non-civil engineering audience in areas such as construction management, estate management, and building. Basic civil engineering topics like surveying, building materials, construction technology and management, concrete technology, steel structures, soil mechanics and foundations, water resources, transportation and environment engineering are explained in detail. Codal provisions of US, UK and India are included to cater to a global audience. Insights into techniques like modern surveying equipment and technologies, sustainable construction materials, and modern construction materials are also included.
• Provides a concise presentation of theory and practice for all technical in civil engineering.
• Contains detailed theory with lucid illustrations.
• Focuses on the management aspects of a civil engineer’s job.
• Addresses contemporary issues such as permitting, globalization, sustainability, and emerging technologies.
• Includes codal provisions of US, UK and India.
The book is aimed at professionals and senior undergraduate students in civil engineering, non-specialist civil engineering audience