Civil MDC

Three-Dimensional Static and Dynamic Analysis of Structures by Edward L. Wilson

This edition of the book contains corrections and additions to the July 1998 edition. Most of the new material that has been added is in response to questions and comments from the users of SAP2000, ETABS and SAFE. Chapter 22 has been written on the direct use of absolute earthquake displacement loading acting at the base of the structure. Several new types of numerical errors for absolute displacement loading have been identified. First, the fundamental nature of displacement loading is significantly different from the base acceleration loading traditionally used in earthquake engineering. Second, a smaller integration time step is required to define the earthquake displacement and to solve the dynamic equilibrium equations. Third, a large number of modes are required for absolute displacement loading to obtain the same accuracy as produced when base acceleration is used as the loading. Fourth, the 90 percent mass participation rule, intended to assure accuracy of the analysis, does not apply for absolute displacement loading. Finally, the effective modal damping for displacement loading is larger than when acceleration loading is used.

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