Civil MDC

Foundation Design: Principles and Practices Book by Donald P Coduto

Book Description

Using a design-oriented approach that addresses geotechnical, structural, and construction aspects of foundation engineering, this book explores practical methods of designing structural foundations, while emphasizing and explaining how and why foundations behave the way they do. It explains the theories and experimental data behind the design procedures, and how to apply this information to real-world problems.Covers general principles (performance requirements, soil mechanics, site exploration and characterization); shallow foundations (bearing capacity, settlement, spread footings — geotechnical design, spread footings — structural design, mats); deep foundations (axial load capacity — full-scale load tests, static methods, dynamic methods; lateral load capacity; structural design); special topics (foundations on weak and compressible soils, foundation on expansive soils, foundations on collapsible soils); and earth retaining structures (lateral earth pressures, cantilever retaining walls, sheet pile walls, soldier pile walls, internally stabilized earth retaining structures).For geotechnical engineers, soils engineers, structural engineers, and foundation engineers.

Table of contents :


Cover
Title Page
Copyright Page
Acknowledgments
Contents
Preface
Notation And Units Of Measurement

Part A—General Principles
1. Foundations
1.1 Foundation Classification
1.2 The Emergence of Modern Foundation Engineering
1.3 The Foundation Engineer
1.4 Codes, Standards, and Technical Literature
Summary
2. Uncertainty and Risk in Foundation Design
2.1 Sources and Types of Uncertainty
2.2 Probability Theory
2.3 Failure, Reliability, and Risk
2.4 Applying Reliability Theory In Practice
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
3. Soil Mechanics
3.1 Review and Nomenclature
3.2 Soil Classification
3.3 Stress
3.4 Compressibility and Settlement
3.5 Shear Strength
3.6 Lateral Earth Pressures
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
4. Subsurface Investigation and Characterization
4.1 Site Investigation
4.2 Laboratory Testing
4.3 In Situ Testing
4.4 Determination of Soil Properties for Foundation Design
4.4 Synthesis of Field And Laboratory Data
4.5 Economics
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
5. Performance Requirements
5.1 Types of Failure and Limit States
5.2 Ultimate Limit States
5.3 Serviceability Limit States
5.4 Constructability Requirements
5.5 Economic Requirements
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems

Part B—Shallow Foundation Analysis And Design
6. Shallow Foundations
6.1 Spread Footings
6.2 Mats
6.3 Bearing Pressure
6.4 Presumptive Allowable Bearing Pressures
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
7. Spread Footings—Geotechnical Ultimate Limit States
7.1 Bearing Capacity
7.2 Bearing Capacity Analyses in Soil General Shear Case
7.3 Groundwater Effects
7.4 Selection of Soil Strength Parameters
7.5 Design of Spread Footings Against Bearing Capacity Failure
7.6 Bearing Capacity Analysis in Soil Local and Punching Shear Cases
7.7 Bearing Capacity on Layered Soils
7.8 Bearing Capacity of Footings on or Near Slopes
7.9 Accuracy of Bearing Capacity Analyses
7.10 Design of Spread Footings Against Sliding Failure
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
8. Spread Footings Geotechnical Serviceability Limit States
8.1 Design Requirements
8.2 Modulus Based Methods of Computing Settlement
8.3 e-Log-p Based Method of Computing Settlement
8.4 Differential Settlement
8.5 Rate of Settlement Clays
8.6 Accuracy of Settlement Predictions
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
9. Spread Footings Geotechnical Design
9.1 Individual Footing Design Approach
9.2 Design Chart Approach
9.3 Allowable Bearing Pressure Approach
9.4 Rectangular and Combined Footings
9.5 Special Seismic Considerations
9.6 Lightly-Loaded Footings
9.7 Footings on or Near Slopes
9.8 Footings on Frozen Soils
9.9 Footings on Soils Prone To Scour
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
10. Spread Footings—Structural Design
10.1 Selection of Materials
10.2 Footing Behavior and Design Methods
10.3 Design Methodology
10.4 Minimum Cover Requirements and Standard Dimensions
10.5 Square Footings
10.6 Continuous Footings
10.7 Rectangular Footings
10.8 Combined Footings
10.9 Lightly Loaded Footings
10.10 Connections With the Superstructure
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
11. Mats
11.1 Configuration
11.2 Geotechnical Ultimate Limit States
11.3 Geotechnical Serviceability Limit States
11.4 Compensated Mats
11.5 Rigid Methods
11.6 Nonrigid Methods
11.7 Structural Design
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems

Part C—Deep Foundation Analysis And Design
12. Deep Foundation Systems and Construction Methods
12.1 Deep Foundation Types and Terminology
12.2 Driven Piles
12.3 Drilled Shafts
12.4 A Uger Piles
12.5 Other Pile Types
12.6 Caissons
12.7 Pile-Supported and Pile Enhanced Mats
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
13. Piles—Load Transfer and Limit States
13.1 Axial Load Transfer
13.2 Lateral Load Transfer
13.3 Installation Effects
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
14. Piles—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Load Tests
14.1 Objectives
14.2 Conventional Static Pile Load Tests
14.3 Interpretation of Test Results
14.4 Instrumented Static Pile Load Tests
14.5 Osterberg Load Tests (O-Cell)
14.6 Dynamic Axial Load Tests
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
15. Driven Piles—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Analysis Methods
15.1 Toe Bearing
15.2 Side Friction
15.3 Analyses Based on the Cone Penetration Test
15.4 Upward Capacity
15.5 Group Effects
15.6 Unusual Soils
15.7 Setup and Relaxation
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
16. Drilled Shafts—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Analysis Methods
16.1 Toe Bearing
16.2 Side Friction
16.3 Upward Load Capacity
16.4 Analyses Based on Cpt Results
16.5 Group Effects
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
17. Auger Piles—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Analysis Methods
17.1 Augered Cast In Place Piles (ACIP)
17.2 Drilled Displacement (DD) Piles
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
18. Other Pile Types—Axial Load Capacity
18.1 Jacked Piles
18.2 Pressure Injected Footings (Franki Piles)
18.3 Micropiles
18.4 Helical Piles
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
19. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Dynamic Methods
19.1 Pile Driving Formulas
19.2 Wave Equation Analyses
19.3 High Strain Dynamic Testing
19.4 Conclusions
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
20. Piles—Serviceability Limit States
20.1 Design Load
20.2 Settlement Analysis Based on Load Tests
20.3 Mobilization of Pile Capacity
20.4 The t-z Method
20.5 Simplified Static Analysis Methods
20.6 Settlement of Pile Groups
20.7 Equivalent Spring Model
20.8 Other Sources of Settlement
20.9 Other Serviceabilty Considerations
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
21. Piles—Structural Design
21.1 Design Philosophy
21.2 Design Criteria
21.3 Driven Piles
21.4 Drilled Shafts and Auger Piles
21.5 Pile Caps
21.6 Seismic Design
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
22. Laterally Loaded Piles
22.1 Battered Piles
22.2 Response to Lateral Loads
22.3 Methods of Evaluating Lateral Load Capacity
22.4 Rigid Pile Analyses
22.5 Nonrigid Pile Analyses
22.6 p-y Method
22.7 Lateral Load Tests
22.8 Group Effects
22.9 Depth To Fixity Method
22.10 Improving Lateral Capacity
22.11 Synthesis
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
23. Piles—The Design Process
23.1 Unstable Conditions
23.2 Pile Type and Configuration
23.3 Required Axial Pile Capacity
23.4 Geotechnical Design
23.5 Structural Design
23.6 Verification And Redesign During Construction
23.7 Integrity Testing
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
24. Pile Supported and Pile Enhanced Mats
24.1 Pile Supported Mats
24.2 Pile Enhanced Mats
24.3 Compensated Mat Foundations
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
Part D—Special Topics
25. Foundations In Rocks and Intermediate Geomaterials
25.1 Rock as a Structural Foundation Material
25.2 Design of Foundations In Rocks
25.3 Foundations In Intermediate Geomaterials
Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
26. Ground Improvement
26.1 Ground Improvement for Foundations
26.1 Ground Improvement For Foundations
26.2 Removal and Replacement
26.2 Removal And Replacement
26.3 Precompression
26.3 Precompression
26.4 In Situ Densification
26.4 In Situ Densification
26.5 In Situ Replacement Aggregate Columns
26.5 In Situ Replacement Aggregate Columns
26.6 Grouting
26.6 Grouting
26.7 Stabilization Using Admixtures
26.7 Stabilization Using Admixtures
26.8 Reinforcement
26.8 Reinforcement
Summary
Summary Major Points
Questions and Practice Problems
27. Foundations on Expansive Soils
27.1 The Nature, Origin, and Occurrence of Expansive Soils
27.2 Identifying, Testing, and Evaluating Expansive Soils
27.3 Estimating Potential Heave
27.4 Typical Structural Distress Patterns
27.5 Preventive Design and Construction Measures
27.6 Other Sources of Heave

Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
28. Foundations on Collapsible Soils
28.1 Origin and Occurrence of Collapsible Soils
28.2 Identification, Sampling, and Testing
28.3 Evaluation and Remediaiton for Routine Projects
28.4 Advanced Testing and Analysis
28.5 Collapse in Deep Compacted Fills
28.6 Preventive and Remedial Measures

Summary
Questions and Practice Problems
Appendix A—Units And Conversion Factors
Appendix B—Probability Tables
References
Index


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