Table of Contents PREFACE xi ABOUT THE AUTHORS xv CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1 Reinforced Concrete Structures 1-2 Mechanics of Reinforced Concrete 1-3 Reinforced Concrete Members 1-4 Factors Affecting Choice of Reinforced Concrete for a Structure 1-5 Historical Development of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete as Structural Materials 1-6 Building Codes and the ACI Code CHAPTER 2 THE DESIGN PROCESS 2-1 Objectives of Design 2-2 The Design Process 2-3 Limit States and the Design of Reinforced Concrete 2-4 Structural Safety 2-5 Probabilistic Calculation of Safety Factors 2-6 Design Procedures Specified in the ACI Building Code 2-7 Load Factors and Load Combinations in the 2011 ACI Code 2-8 Loadings and Actions 2-9 Design for Economy 2-10 Sustainability 2-11 Customary Dimensions and Construction Tolerances 2-12 Inspection 2-13 Accuracy of Calculations 2-14 Handbooks and Design Aids CHAPTER 3 MATERIALS 3-1 Concrete 3-2 Behavior of Concrete Failing in Compression 3-3 Compressive Strength of Concrete 3-4 Strength Under Tensile and Multiaxial Loads 3-5 Stress–Strain Curves for Concrete 3-6 Time-Dependent Volume Changes 3-7 High-Strength Concrete 3-8 Lightweight Concrete 3-9 Fiber Reinforced Concrete 3-10 Durability of Concrete 3-11 Behavior of Concrete Exposed to High and Low Temperatures 3-12 Shotcrete 3-13 High-Alumina Cement 3-14 Reinforcement 3-15 Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Reinforcement 3-16 Prestressing Steel CHAPTER 4 FLEXURE: BEHAVIOR AND NOMINAL STRENGTH OF BEAM SECTIONS 4-1 Introduction 4-2 Flexure Theory 4-3 Simplifications in Flexure Theory for Design 4-4 Analysis of Nominal Moment Strength for Singly Reinforced Beam Sections 4-5 Definition of Balanced Conditions 4-6 Code Definitions of Tension-Controlled and Compression-Controlled Sections 4-7 Beams with Compression Reinforcement 4-8 Analysis of Flanged Sections 4-9 Unsymmetrical Beam Sections CHAPTER 5 FLEXURAL DESIGN OF BEAM SECTIONS 5-1 Introduction 5-2 Analysis of Continuous One-Way Floor Systems 5-3 Design of Singly-Reinforced Beam Sections with Rectangular Compression Zones 5-4 Design of Doubly-Reinforced Beam Sections 5-5 Design of Continuous One-Way Slabs CHAPTER 6 SHEAR IN BEAMS 6-1 Introduction 6-2 Basic Theory 6-3 Behavior of Beams Failing in Shear 6-4 Truss Model of the Behavior of Slender Beams Failing in Shear 6-5 Analysis and Design of Reinforced Concrete Beams for Shear–ACI Code 6-6 Other Shear Design Methods 6-7 Hanger Reinforcement 6-8 Tapered Beams 6-9 Shear in Axially Loaded Members 6-10 Shear in Seismic Regions CHAPTER 7 TORSION 7-1 Introduction and Basic Theory 7-2 Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members Subjected to Torsion 7-3 Design Methods for Torsion 7-4 Thin-Walled Tube/Plastic Space Truss Design Method 7-5 Design for Torsion and Shear–ACI Code 7-6 Application of ACI Code Design Method for Torsion CHAPTER 8 DEVELOPMENT, ANCHORAGE, AND SPLICING OF REINFORCEMENT 8-1 Introduction 8-2 Mechanism of Bond Transfer 8-3 Development Length 8-4 Hooked Anchorages 8-5 Headed and Mechanically Anchored Bars in Tension 8-6 Design for Anchorage 8-7 Bar Cutoffs and Development of Bars in Flexural Members 8-8 Reinforcement Continuity and Structural Integrity Requirements 8-9 Splices CHAPTER 9 SERVICEABILITY 9-1 Introduction 9-2 Elastic Analysis of Stresses in Beam Sections 9-3 Cracking 9-4 Deflections of Concrete Beams 9-5 Consideration of Deflections in Design 9-6 Frame Deflections 9-7 Vibrations 9-8 Fatigue CHAPTER 10 CONTINUOUS BEAMS AND ONE-WAY SLABS 10-1 Introduction 10-2 Continuity in Reinforced Concrete Structures 10-3 Continuous Beams 10-4 Design of Girders 10-5 Joist Floors 10-6 Moment Redistribution CHAPTER 11 COLUMNS: COMBINED AXIAL LOAD AND BENDING 11-1 Introduction 11-2 Tied and Spiral Columns 11-3 Interaction Diagrams 11-4 Interaction Diagrams for Reinforced Concrete Columns 11-5 Design of Short Columns 11-6 Contributions of Steel and Concrete to Column Strength 11-7 Biaxially Loaded Columns CHAPTER 12 SLENDER COLUMNS 12-1 Introduction 12-2 Behavior and Analysis of Pin-Ended Columns 12-3 Behavior of Restrained Columns in Nonsway Frames 12-4 Design of Columns in Nonsway Frames 12-5 Behavior of Restrained Columns in Sway Frames 12-6 Calculation of Moments in Sway Frames Using Second-Order Analyses 12-7 Design of Columns in Sway Frames 12-8 General Analysis of Slenderness Effects 12-9 Torsional Critical Load CHAPTER 13 TWO-WAY SLABS: BEHAVIOR, ANALYSIS, AND DESIGN 13-1 Introduction 13-2 History of Two-Way Slabs 13-3 Behavior of Slabs Loaded to Failure in Flexure 13-4 Analysis of Moments in Two-Way Slabs 13-5 Distribution of Moments in Slabs 13-6 Design of Slabs 13-7 The Direct-Design Method 13-8 Equivalent-Frame Methods 13-9 Use of Computers for an Equivalent-Frame Analysis 13-10 Shear Strength of Two-Way Slabs 13-11 Combined Shear and Moment Transfer in Two-Way Slabs 13-12 Details and Reinforcement Requirements 13-13 Design of Slabs Without Beams 13-14 Design of Slabs with Beams in Two Directions 13-15 Construction Loads on Slabs 13-16 Deflections in Two-Way Slab Systems 13-17 Use of Post-Tensioning CHAPTER 14 TWO-WAY SLABS: ELASTIC AND YIELD-LINE ANALYSES 14-1 Review of Elastic Analysis of Slabs 14-2 Design Moments from a Finite-Element Analysis 14-3 Yield-Line Analysis of Slabs: Introduction 14-4 Yield-Line Analysis: Applications for Two-Way Slab Panels 14-5 Yield-Line Patterns at Discontinuous Corners 14-6 Yield-Line Patterns at Columns or at Concentrated Loads CHAPTER 15 FOOTINGS 15-1 Introduction 15-2 Soil Pressure Under Footings 15-3 Structural Action of Strip and Spread Footings 15-4 Strip or Wall Footings 15-5 Spread Footings 15-6 Combined Footings 15-7 Mat Foundations 15-8 Pile Caps CHAPTER 16 SHEAR FRICTION, HORIZONTAL SHEAR TRANSFER, AND COMPOSITE CONCRETE BEAMS 16-1 Introduction 16-2 Shear Friction 16-3 Composite Concrete Beams CHAPTER 17 DISCONTINUITY REGIONS AND STRUT-AND-TIE MODELS 17-1 Introduction 17-2 Design Equation and Method of Solution 17-3 Struts 17-4 Ties 17-5 Nodes and Nodal Zones 17-6 Common Strut-and-Tie Models 17-7 Layout of Strut-and-Tie Models 17-8 Deep Beams 17-9 Continuous Deep Beams 17-10 Brackets and Corbels 17-11 Dapped Ends 17-12 Beam–Column Joints 17-13 Bearing Strength 17-14 T-Beam Flanges CHAPTER 18 WALLS AND SHEAR WALLS 18-1 Introduction 18-2 Bearing Walls 18-3 Retaining Walls 18-4 Tilt-Up Walls 18-5 Shear Walls 18-6 Lateral Load-Resisting Systems for Buildings 18-7 Shear Wall—Frame Interaction 18-8 Coupled Shear Walls 18-9 Design of Structural Walls–General 18-10 Flexural Strength of Shear Walls 18-11 Shear Strength of Shear Walls 18-12 Critical Loads for Axially Loaded Walls CHAPTER 19 DESIGN FOR EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCE 19-1 Introduction 19-2 Seismic Response Spectra 19-3 Seismic Design Requirements 19-4 Seismic Forces on Structures 19-5 Ductility of Reinforced Concrete Members 19-6 General ACI Code Provisions for Seismic Design 19-7 Flexural Members in Special Moment Frames 19-8 Columns in Special Moment Frames 19-9 Joints of Special Moment Frames 19-10 Structural Diaphragms 19-11 Structural Walls 19-12 Frame Members not Proportioned to Resist Forces Induced by Earthquake Motions 19-13 Special Precast Structures 19-14 Foundations APPENDIX A APPENDIX B INDEX
Reference: MacGregor, J. G., Wight, J. K., Teng, S., & Irawan, P. (1997). Reinforced concrete: Mechanics and design (Vol. 3). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.