Civil MDC

History of Interior Design, 4th Edition John Pile, Judith Gura

DESCRIPTION
This classic reference presents the history of interior design from prehistory to the present. Exploring a broad range of design styles and movements, this revised and expanded edition includes coverage of non-Western design and vernacular interior architecture and features 665 photographs and drawings (color and black-and-white). A History of Interior Design is an essential resource for practicing and aspiring professionals in interior design, art history, and architecture, and general readers interested in design and the decorative arts.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface 8 1 Prehistory to Early Civilizations 13 Prehistoric Interiors 13 Archeological Evidence 13 The First Shelters 13 Dolmens and Barrows 14 Evidence from Tribal Cultures 15 Pattern and Design 17 The First Permanent Settlements 18 Mesopotamia: Sumeria 19 Pre-Columbian America 20 North America 20 Central America 21 South America 24 Ancient Egypt 26 Geometry and Proportion 26 Egyptian Temples and Houses 27 Egyptian Furniture and Other Interior Furnishings 28 2 Classical Civilizations: Greece and Rome 31 Minoan and Mycenaean Cultures 31 Knossos 31 Mycenae and Tiryns 32 Greece 32 The Temple 33 Secular Interiors 36 INSIGHTS: The Growth of Athens 38 Rome 38 Arches, Vaults, and Domes 38 Amphitheaters and Baths 41 Temples 41 INSIGHTS: The Cost of Living in Ancient Rome 42 Secular Buildings 43 Furniture and Other Interior Furnishings 44 The Legacy of Rome: Technology 46 3 Early Christian, Byzantine, and Romanesque 49 Early Christian Design 49 Byzantine Design 51 Ravenna 51 INSIGHTS: The Ravenna Mosaics 52 Constantinople 52 Hagia Sophia 53 Secular Buildings 55 Early Medieval: The “Dark Ages” 55 The Romanesque Style 56 Churches 57 Germany 57 Italy 58 France 59 England 60 Scandinavia 60 Fortresses and Castles 61 Monasteries and Abbeys 62 INSIGHTS: The Abbey at Cluny 63 Houses 64 Furniture and Other Interior Furnishings 65 Spanish Romanesque 67 4 Islamic and Asian Traditions 69 Islamic Influence 69 Mosques and Palaces 70 Islamic Influence in Spain 73 The Mosque in Spain 73 Islamic Furnishings 74 India and Pakistan 77 Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain Architecture 77 Hindu Religious and Secular Buildings 79 Jain Architecture 80 Northern and Southern Styles of Temple 81 Islamic Influence in India 81 INSIGHTS: Bernier’s Account of the Taj Mahal 82 Indian Furnishings 85 Western Influence 86 Cambodia 86 Thailand 88 Indonesia 88 China 89 Chinese Architecture 89 Chinese Furnishings 92 Korea 94 Japan 95 Japanese Furnishings 99 5 The Later Middle Ages 101 Elements of Gothic Style 101 New Construction Techniques 102 Gothic Cathedrals and Churches 105 France 106 England 109 Elsewhere in Europe 111 Secular Gothic Buildings 113 INSIGHTS: Construction Work in a Medieval Building 113 Castles and Palaces 115 Medieval Houses 118 Innovations in Domestic Comfort 119 6 The Renaissance in Italy 123 The Rise of Humanism 123 Renaissance Interest in History 124 Elements of Renaissance Style 124 The Early Renaissance 125 Brunelleschi 126 Michelozzo 128 Alberti 130 The High Renaissance 130 Bramante 130 Palaces 133 INSIGHTS: Vasari’s Account of the Farnese|Palace 135 The Late Renaissance and Mannerism 136 Michelangelo 136 Romano 138 Palladio 138 Vignola 142 Interior Furnishings 142 Furniture 143 Coverings 145 7 Baroque and Rococo in Italy and Northern Europe 147 Elements of Baroque Style 147 The Baroque in Italy 148 Rome 148 Bernini 148 Borromini 150 Venice 152 Longhena 152 Turin 153 Guarini 153 Juvarra 154 Baroque in Northern Europe 155 Austria 155 Switzerland 157 Germany 158 Furniture and Other Interior Features 161 8 Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo in France and Spain 165 France 165 Early Renaissance 167 High Renaissance 168 Baroque 172 Versailles 172 INSIGHTS: Louis XIV and Versailles 174 Louvre 174 Baroque Churches 175 Furniture and Furnishings 176 Regency to Rococo 178 Paris Hôtels 179 The Petit Trianon 179 Regency and Rococo Furniture 181 Rococo to Neoclassicism 181 The Empire Style 183 INSIGHTS: Charles Percier and Pierre François-|Léonard Fontaine: The Empire Style 184 Provincial Style 185 Spain 188 Plateresco 188 Desornamentado 188 Churrigueresco 188 Furniture and Other Interior Features 191 9 Renaissance to Georgian in The Low Countries and England 193 LowCountries 193 Civic Buildings 193 Private Dwellings 194 England 195 Tudor 195 Elizabethan 196 Elizabethan Furniture 197 Jacobean 197 Jones 199 Jacobean Interior Furnishings 200 From Carolean to William and Mary 200 Wren 200 Carolean and William and Mary Interior Furnishings 203 Queen Anne 204 Queen Anne Furniture 205 Georgian 205 Robert and James Adam 206 INSIGHTS: Robert Adam and Syon House 206 Georgian Town Houses 208 Other Building Types 209 Georgian Furniture and Interior Furnishings 209 10 Colonial and Federal America 213 Colonial Styles in Latin America 213 Colonial Styles in North America 214 Early Colonial Houses 215 Early Colonial Furniture and Interior Furnishings 216 Churches and Meeting Houses 217 American Georgian 218 American Georgian Houses 218 American Georgian and Queen Anne Furniture 222 Late Colonial Public Buildings 222 Federal Styles 224 Jefferson 224 Bulfinch 225 Thornton and Latrobe 225 Furniture of the Federal Period 228 Other Furnishings of the Federal Period 230 11 The Regency, Revivals, and Industrial Revolution 233 Regency 233 Nash 233 Soane 234 Regency Furniture 234 Revivals 235 Greek Revival 236 Germany 236 England 236 United States 236 Gothic Revival 238 United States 238 England 240 The Industrial Revolution 243 Early Industrialization and Inventions 244 Industry and Interiors 244 Iron and Glass 245 England: Paxton 246 INSIGHTS: The Public’s Perception of the Crystal|Palace 247 France: Labrouste, Baltard, and Eiffel 248 12 The Victorian Era 251 The Roots of Victorian Style 251 Britain 252 Mansions 253 Middle-class Houses and Public Buildings 253 Shaw and the Queen Anne Revival 254 United States: Victorian Variations 255 Mansions 256 Vernacular House Styles 257 Shingle Style 259 Adirondack Style 259 Shaker Design 260 INSIGHTS: The Shaker Philosophy 261 Early Skyscrapers 261 Public Buildings 265 Furness 265 Furniture and Other Interior Furnishings 265 13 The Aesthetic Movements 271 Britain: Arts and Crafts 271 Ruskin and the Roots of Arts and Crafts 271 Morris 271 Webb 274 Other British Designers 275 INSIGHTS: Rossetti and the Aesthetic| House 275 Links to Modernism 278 Voysey 278 Mackmurdo 278 Mackintosh 279 United States: The Craftsman Movement 279 Stickley and the Roycrofters 279 Bradley 282 Richardson 282 Greene & Greene and Maybeck 283 Developments in Continental Europe 284 Germany: Muthesius 285 The Netherlands: Berlage 285 14 Art Nouveau and the Vienna Secession 287 Roots and Characteristics of Art Nouveau 287 Belgium 288 Horta 288 Van de Velde 290 France 290 The School of Nancy 290 Guimard 291 Other French Designers 292 Spain 293 Gaudí 293 Germany: Jugendstil 293 Endell 294 Riemerschmid and Behrens 294 Scandinavia 294 Austria: The Vienna Secession 295 Olbrich 295 Wagner 296 INSIGHTS: Otto Wagner and “Modern| Architecture” 296 Hoffmann 297 Loos 298 United States 299 Tiffany 300 Sullivan 301 15 Eclecticism 305 The Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris 305 United States 307 Key Architects and Designers 307 Hunt 307 McKim, Mead, & White 310 Public Buildings 311 Early Skyscrapers 312 The Rise of the Interior Decorator 314 De Wolfe 314 Wood 316 McMillen 316 Other American Decorators 316 Eclecticism in Professional Practice 317 Saarinen and Cranbrook Academy 317 Stripped Classicism 319 Eclecticism for the Masses 319 Houses and Apartments 320 Furniture and Accessories 321 Movie Theaters 321 Europe 323 Scandinavia 324 Britain 325 Lutyens 325 INSIGHTS: Sir Edwin Lutyens and the Viceroy’s|House in New Delhi 326 Ocean Liners 327 The Spread of Eclecticism 327 16 The Emergence of Modernism 329 Frank Lloyd Wright 329 The Early Commissions 330 INSIGHTS: The Philosophy of Frank Lloyd|Wright 331 De Stijl 332 Mondrian and van Doesburg 333 Rietveld 333 Pioneers of the International Style 335 Gropius and the Bauhaus 335 Mies van der Rohe 337 Work of the 1920s and 1930s 337 INSIGHTS: Mies van der Rohe: The Tugendhat|House 338 Emigration to the United States 340 Later Commissions 340 Le Corbusier 341 Paris: Developing the Machine Aesthetic 341 Early Houses, Villas, and Apartments 342 INSIGHTS: The Philosophy of Le Corbusier 345 Town Planning 346 Post-War Years 347 Later Commissions 348 Aalto 349 INSIGHTS: The Vision of Alvar Aalto 352 17 Art Deco and Industrial Design 355 Art Deco 355 France 355 Furniture Designers 355 Textile Design 357 Ocean Liners 357 United States 358 Designers from Europe 358 Deco Architecture 358 Britain 361 Scandinavia 361 Expressionism 363 Industrial Design 363 Loewy and Other Designers 364 Design Training 366 Residential Design 367 Kitchens and Bathrooms 367 Lighting 368 Textiles, Carpets, and Furniture 369 18 The Spread of Early Modernism in Europe 371 The Netherlands 372 Germanyand Austria 373 Italy 373 Switzerland 374 France 374 Scandinavia 376 England 377 19 Modernism in America 381 Architects and Designers 381 Gill 381 Wright: 1920s and 1930s 381 Schindler and Neutra 385 Lescaze 386 Goodwin and Stone 386 Gropius and Breuer 387 Mies van der Rohe 387 Johnson 388 Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill 388 Eero Saarinen 388 Interior Decoration: The Reaction to Modernism 390 Furniture and other Interior Furnishings 391 Knoll 391 Herman Miller Furniture Company 392 20 The Ascendancy of Modernism 395 Italy 396 INSIGHTS: Gio Ponti: Pirelli Tower 397 Scandinavia 398 France 400 Germany 400 The Netherlands 402 Britain 402 United States 402 Urban Office Buildings 407 Office Planning 410 Office Furniture 411 Interior Designers 411 Furniture and Other Interior Furnishings 414 Textiles 414 21 After the International Style: The Late Twentieth Century 417 Prophets of Design 418 Kahn 418 Pelli 419 High-tech 420 Fuller 420 Rogers and Piano 421 Foster 421 Stirling 422 Post-modernism 423 Venturi and Scott Brown 423 Graves 425 Other Post-modernist Work in the US 426 Post-modernism in Europe 426 The Revival of Tradition 427 Greenberg 427 Stern 427 Deconstructivism and Minimalism 428 Eisenman 429 Gehry 430 Hadid 431 Koolhaas 431 Libeskind 431 Late Modernism 431 Pei 431 Gwathmey 432 Meier 433 Individualists 434 Starck 434 Putman 434 Other Trends 435 East–West Crossovers 435 New Furniture 437 New Museums 437 Preservation 439 Socially Conscious Design 439 Green Design 439 Looking Forward 440 22 Design on a New Playing Field 443 The Key Elements 443 Sustainability 443 INSIGHTS: Green Design 443 Technology 444 Social Welfare 445 Branding 445 Collaboration 446 Globalism 446 Adaptive Reuse 446 Historic Preservation 447 Style Directions 448 Mainstream Modernism 448 Biomorphism 449 Functional Deconstructivism 449 Color Craftmanship 450 High-tech Revisited 451 Building and Interior Types 451 Museums 452 Performing Arts 454 Hotels 456 Restaurants 457 Healthcare Facilities 457 Offices 458 Residential Interiors 460 Retail 462 Schools 463 Libraries 464 Houses of Worship 465 Transportation 466 Mixed-use Developments 467 Furniture and Furnishings 468 Interior Design 470 Looking Forward 471 Glossary 472 Bibliography 477 Picture Credits 482 Index 485

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *